Modern European History 1870-1980

287 Words2 Pages
Modern European History – David Welch Evidence of anti-Semitism being propagated by powerful interest groups before 1914, such as the Pan- German League, helps to substantiate the argument put forward by historians that stresses the role of traditional elites and the continuities in social structures and ideology linking imperial Germany with the Nazi era. Kaiser Wilhelm’s claim that G had become a world power on the basis of an imperial fleet that could challenge the Royal Navy was enthusiastically received. However, his successes in foreign policy were li8mt, and the price paid in the self-inflicted isolation of G and the forming of an alliance by its rivals- Britain, France and Russia. On the surface, France, which remained the sole republican state among the great powers of Europe, presented a picture of political instability. For many, general Boulanger provided the focus for a new sense of nationalism based on military glory, he advocated that Alsace- Lorraine (surrendered by France to German empire- 1871) should be returned to France. Anti-Semitism had developed in France in the 1880’s; cartoons published in ‘Le Psst’ were similar to that published in the anti-Semitic Nazi journal, Der Stürmer) The historian John Roberts has stated that ‘If history is the story of significant change France has little history between the wars’ The outbreak of the 1st world war united the French nation briefly under the strong leader of Poincaré and, later, Celmenceau. G declared war pm France on 3rd Aug 1914, after france had supported Russian mobilisation plans and refused to declare neutrality. The war provided an opportunity for the nation to unite behind a united aggressor and to erase the memory of the defeat in the Franco-Prussian
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