Mobile Robot Navigation Essay

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Mobile robot navigation Mobile robot navigation is the process of reading, and controlling the movement of a mobile robot from one location to another. The main types of robots are manipulators, mobile and biological inspired ones. The most attractable research area in robotics is mobile robots. Several companies are developing the different models of mobile robot like wheeled and human like robots. These robots are used in many applications for examples rescue and search like areas. Since the presentation of the play Rossum's Univeral Robots in 1920 the word robot entered in the English language [1]. The term robot comes from robota which is a Czech word meaning forced labor. Robot Institute of America defines a robot as "A reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks" [2]. The main types of the robots are a) Robot Manipulators b) Mobile Robots c) Biologically Inspired Robots A robot manipulator is also called robot arm which are fixed and design to perform some specific task such as welding, painting and palletizing. In the recent year as the technologies are growing the new applications of robot manipulators are also discovered, such as rehabilitation, surgery assistance etc. Robot manipulators are used in different areas such as industrial, medical and rehabilitation robots. Industrial Robots: These robots were introduced in early 1960 for the production process [3]. Industrial robots are used for any task that involves repetitiveness, accuracy, endurance, speed, and reliability. These tasks done by the humans are now increasingly being done by industrial robots. Medical Robots:Robots are also occupying the field of medicine, not to replace the qualified person such as doctors but they assist them in routine work and
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