King uses allusions frequently throughout his letter. “Just as the prophets of the eighth century B.C. left their villages and carried their "thus saith the Lord" far beyond the boundaries of their home towns, and just as the Apostle Paul left his village of Tarsus and carried the gospel of Jesus Christ to the far corners of the Greco-Roman world” (King Paragraph 3). Here King is paralleling his actions to the Apostle’s actions. By king alluding to the Apostles he appeals to the audience ethically.
and just as the Apostle Paul left his village . . . and carried the gospel of Jesus Christ to the far corners of the Greco-Roman world, so am I compelled to carry the gospel of freedom beyond my hometown” (742). In this way, the Reverend places his mission of preaching freedom alongside the efforts of the prophets of old in terms of importance, and thus invites the reader to reflect upon the noble task he is undertaking.
In Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail” he is responding to a letter that had been written by clergymen of an Alabama church. This letter stated that Kings’ protests were “unwise and untimely,” however King wrote his letter for the entire nation to see. This letter shows King’s power through rhetoric and his wide array of intelligence. The main claim that King is trying to communicate is that it is right and just to protest for civil rights and equality for everyone and that the civil disobedience movement is justified. King refutes the clergymen and backs up his claim through the use of four key counter arguments which encompass the usage of rhetorical appeals.
Sarah ENG102-701 April 17, 2014 MLK’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail” There is something about fighting for what is right and just, fighting the good fight, that gets people going, after all “injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” Martin Luther King’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail” is not only passionate, but inspirational. He sets out to move the clergymen to support the demonstrations and I cannot imagine that the clergymen had no reaction. King begins with a genius, polite, and well-written introduction. He establishes in his first three paragraphs the purpose of the letter, who he is and his purpose in Birmingham, AL in the same calm manner in which the Birmingham media and police were appraised for. He continues to lure his audience throughout the letter by questioning them, providing description of the struggle and maintaining civility with them; a great balance of logos, ethos, and pathos.
Phillip Young Ms. Parks En-1103-24 21 October 2014 Inside Letter from Birmingham Jail “Letter from Birmingham Jail” is a letter written by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. addressed to eight well-respected clergymen about their recent criticism of Dr. King’s non-violent resistance campaign. King uses rhetorical strategies ethos, logos and pathos to defend his position on non-violent resistance to combat racism in the south. He uses ethos to build his credibility and trustworthiness, logos to add facts and logic to his argument and pathos to grab his reader’s attention through emotional appeal. With all of these strategies combine, King forms a strong argument to defend his motives to his fellow clergymen and persuade them that “an unjust law is no law at all”.
Later on he starts saying that he is an extremist and that he is somewhat pleased with being an extremist because other notable figures were also considered extremists. He references Jesus Christ as an extremist of love and quotes Abraham Lincoln saying that this nation could not possibly be half slave and half free. King wants an equal playing field for everyone in this nation and he supports that argument with this riveting piece that he had composed in a solitary confinement cell in Birmingham. All because an ally had shown him a newspaper article of a few clergymen criticizing his
A more compelling reason for his visit, however, was the pervasive racial oppression in Birmingham. King compared himself to the Apostle Paul, who carried the message of the gospel farther than any other early Christian missionary. When he claimed he must respond to the Macedonian call for aid, King made reference to the New Testament scripture in Acts, where Paul is summoned in a vision to “come over into Macedonia, and help us” (Acts 16:9). King knew that he could
Centuries later the Negro community was still riddled by racial injustice and oppression. These contradictions to the original visions of the founding fathers were still very much in existence when Dr. King made his speech. A scholar who graduated and received a bachelor degree in sociology from Morehouse College, Martin Luther King’s speech, “I Have a Dream” was carefully crafted to encourage and motivate the predominantly Negro audience to take a stand for an equal democracy. “This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off… Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy.” King’s tone when he delivered his speech was derived from the cadence and rhythms of a preacher. His speech consisted of various literary elements such as figurative language and repetitive phrases that painted a vivid mural in the mind of the listener: “My country 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing.
He begins by establishing rapport between himself and his audience by stating that he receives many criticisms and that he has personally decided to respond to this one because he believes the clergymen are “of genuine good will” and that their criticisms “are sincerely set forth.” The argument that the clergymen have used against King is that “outsiders [should not be] coming in” to Birmingham. King first starts to respond to this criticism by appealing to his ethos, stating that he has “the honor of serving as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.” He uses the authority that he has as the president of the SCLC to claim that he has a right to be in Birmingham “because [he] was invited [to Birmingham]” and that he has “organizational ties [in Birmingham].” He then proceeds to appeal to pathos when he compares himself to the Apostle Paul as a peacemaking, “gospel of freedom” teaching prophet who has come to Birmingham “because injustice is here” and he is answering “the Macedonian call for aid.” This appeal to religion is used because his audience is a
and a violent man.” We can also read about his conversion with Christ on the Damascus Road in Acts 9: 1-19; Acts 22: 3-16 and Acts 26: 9-18. These scriptures back up his title as an Apostle. After Paul’s encounter with Jesus his life changed from persecutor of the church to church convertor, preaching and teaching the gospel of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, his mission assigned by Jesus. (Acts 9:15) Paul states in the introduction that he is a prisoner of Christ. He is letting us know that he is no longer free to do his will but he must carry out his assign mission Jesus has given him in (Acts 9:15) Philemon a Gentile, whom this epistle is written to, was one of his converts, who accepted the call of salvation after hearing Paul, preach.