In the 15th century, the Basque Country became the leading iron producing region of Spain and one of the most important in Europe. The shipbuilding industry was the largest in Spain and expanded considerably as commerce flourished. A strong legal framework and a broad array of schools and research centers emerged. Industrial activities were traditionally centered on steel and shipbuilding, mainly due to the rich iron ore resources found during the 19th century around Bilbao. The Estuary of Bilbao was the center of the Basque Country's industrial revolution during the 19th and the first half of the 20th century.
The Ottoman Empire was the one of the largest and longest lasting Empires in history, moved and sustained by Islam and Islamic institutions. The actual rise of the empire was gradual, and for half a century their own forces were enough to gain more land and then keep it. At the peak of its glory it included: Turkey, Egypt, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Macedonia, Hungary, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Parts of Arabia, and much of the coastal strip of North Africa. The ottoman Empire was created as a result of the conquests by turkish sultans and occupied a big territory in the three parts of the world – in Europe, Asia and Africa. The management of this huge country with different races of the population, diverse climat conditions, household traditions was not so easy.
Religions such as Islam are on the increase unlike Christianity which is declining at a rapid rate. However other factors such as in new religious movements and New-Age spirituality as evidence of a resacrilisation of society. Although opponents such as Bruce, argue that the actual numbers engaging with new religious movements and New-Age spirituality is relatively small and marginal to society. There is evidence that can prove the theory of secularisation, such as statistics show that only 6.3% of adults attended church on a Sunday in 2005, therefore churchgoing has halved since Wilsons research in the 1960’s and it is predicted to fall again to 4.7% by 2015, Sunday school attendance had declined as well and now only a small amount of children attend. However others may disagree with the view of Secularisation such as Martin who denies the view that there was ever a ‘golden age’ of religion and he argues that the reason for higher attendance of church in the past is due to the view that it was seen as respectable to attend church.
Islam vs. The West Anatomy of Jihad It seems that not a day goes by in which the Western world is not bombarded by pictures and video from the Muslim world showing anti-American and anti-Western protests. All too often, these scenes depict gun wielding men and boys, denouncing the West for one form of violation of Islamic Laws or another. Add to those scenes, scenes from the 9/11 attacks on the US, along with a multitude of terrorist attacks, and the world’s view of Islam is one of a bunch of violent religious zealots, bent upon bringing about the downfall of Western civilization at all costs. But is this violence really the nature of Islam, or has the world misjudged the nature of the conflict, and jumped to a conclusion that serves only to incite violence.
• It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south. Map Showing Location Of Lebanon Detailed View Of Lebanon Religion • Lebanon is the most religiously diverse country in the Middle East. • The CIA World Factbook estimates that the population is 59.7% Muslim and 39% Christian, with other religions and non-believers accounting for the remaining 1.3%. Distribution of main religious groups of Lebanon. A more Detailed View Languages • Arabic • French Other Facts Lebanon's unwritten National Pact of 1943 required that its • president be Maronite Christian, • its speaker of the parliament to be a Shiite Muslim, • its prime minister be Sunni Muslim, and • the Deputy Speaker of Parliament and the Deputy Prime Minister be Greek Orthodox.
However, the word fundamentalism, which originated in Christianity, can be misleading when it is used to describe Islam or Muslim countries. The conservative monarchy of Saudi Arabia, the radical socialist state of Libya, and clerically governed Iran have all been described as “fundamentalist,” but this description fails to take into account vast differences in their governments and policies. Political analysts prefer to use the expressions “political Islam” or “Islamism” when discussing Islam’s many-faceted roles in current social and
Name Instructor Course Date Module 3: Egyptian Civilization, Mythology and Culture Ancient Egyptian civilization began almost 5000 years ago along the banks of river Nile. Ancient Egyptian civilization is one of the most spectacular and fascinating civilization of time, even after it grew into the Greek and Roman civilizations. Ancient Egypt has left traces and preserved themselves more than any other civilization in the world; through the pyramids, Mummies, Papyri, Tomb paintings and death masks that have been preserved by the desert climate to date. [ (Moscovitch) ] The ancient Egyptian history is broken down to Culture, Civilization and Methodology. The Culture of ancient Egypt was born 5000 years ago, and for many centuries powerful rulers called pharaohs ruled the land.
Essay Subject: History (Compare the golden age of the Abbasid caliphate with the golden age of Greece). Compare the golden age of the Abbasid caliphate with the golden age of Greece. Abbasids victory was welcomed by most people as the true beginning of the caliphate and establishing a theocratic state, rather than secular, as the Umayyads one was. During their rule, Muslim world became the center of science, medicine, philosophy and other knowledge’s. They were influenced by the Qur’an and Hadith, and they gained knowledge after translating various books.
Their moment of glory in the sixteenth century represents one of the heights of human creativity, optimism, and artistry. The empire they built was the largest and most influential of the Muslim empires of the modern period, and their culture and military expansion crossed over into Europe. Not since the expansion of Islam into Spain in the eighth century had Islam seemed poised to establish a European presence as it did in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Like that earlier expansion, the Ottomans established an empire over European territory and established Islamic traditions and culture that last to the current day (the Muslims in Bosnia are the last descendants of the Ottoman presence in Europe) . Rise of Ottoman Empire: The Ottomans arose from the obscure reaches of Anatolia in the west of Turkey; these Western Turks were called the Oghuz.
One truly wonders how a religion with 1.5 billion followers, roughly 25% of the world’s population, is so misunderstood. What was very important was to get a diverse group of people, I interviewed people varying in age, sex, race, education, and religion and yet a predominantly similar theme occurred when asked a series of questions. Many of the people that were interviewed knew little to none about prophet Muhammad (PBUH). When asked about if they had ever heard of the prophet Muhammad (PBUH), 9 out of 10 people believed he was the “God of the Muslims”, of that 9 out 10, 8 said that “he was like Jesus”, as to what aspects isn’t exactly clear when they were asked. Many of the people that were interviewed, were asked the question to name a person that he reminds you of, 3 out of 10 people answered that he reminded them of Moses and Abraham, when asked exactly to what regards, no clear answer was given.