Mississippi Studies Essay

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Student’s Name: Teacher’s Name: Course Name: Mississippi History 1. Define the following terms: Freedmen - an emancipated slave. Freedmen’s Bureau - was established in 1865 by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War (1861-65). Reconstruction - the action or process of reconstructing or being reconstructed. Suffrage - the right to vote in political elections. Black Codes - were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt. Scalawag - a person who behaves badly but in an amusingly mischievous rather than harmful way; a rascal. Carpetbaggers - a political candidate who seeks election in an area where they have no local connections. Universal Male Suffrage - is a form of voting rights in which all adult males within a political system are allowed to vote, regardless of income, property, religion, race, or any other qualification. Disfranchise - deprive (someone) of the right to vote. Ku Klux Klan - a secret organization in the southern U.S., active for several years after the Civil War, which aimed to suppress the newly acquired powers of blacks and to oppose carpetbaggers from the North, and which was responsible for many lawless and violent proceedings. Redeemers - a person who redeems someone or something. Filibuster - an action such as a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly while not technically contravening the required procedures. Reapportionment - the act of redistributing or changing the apportionment of something. Understanding Clause - provision in which an old rule continues to apply to some existing

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