Unit 1: Understand Child and Young Person Development
CYP Core 3.1.1 – Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth-19 years
1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth-19 years
The sequence of child development means the expected development of a child. Child development refers to the biological and psychological and emotional changes that occur within this time as the individual progress from dependency to increasing autonomy. Because these developmental changes may be strongly influenced by genetic factors and events during prenatal life, genetics and prenatal development are usually included as part of the study of child development. Related terms include developmental psychology, referring to development throughout the lifespan, and paediatrics, the branch of medicine relating to the care of children. Developmental change may occur as a result of genetically-controlled processes known as maturation, or as a result of environmental factors and learning, but most commonly involves an interaction between the two. It may also occure as a result of human nature and our ability to learn from our environment. Human beings have a keen sense to adapt to their surroundings and this is what child development encompasses.
Each child usually develops at the same rate as another child. Aspects of development are: Intellectual; Social-Emotional; Language; Gross motor and fine motor skills.
Age | Intellectual | Social/Emotional | Language | Gross motor | Fine motor |
0-3 | Learns about things with hands and mouth; Learns words for objects and people | Attaches to the main carers, begins to recognise faces and smile; at about 6 months begins to recognise parents and expresses fear of strangers. Plays simple interactive games like peek-a-boo; Learns that self and parents are different and separate from each other, imitates and perform tasks, indicates need without crying | Vocalises...