Miss Essay

4262 WordsMay 12, 201418 Pages
Culture Greek Language 1. The First written language The first written Greek letters were found on baked mud tablets, in the remains of the Minoan Knossos Palace of Crete island. This language is known as Linear A and it has not been fully decoded till today. The most famous example of Linear A is written in the famous Phaestos Disc. In the 12th century BC, a new language started to develop, called Linear B, where each drawing symbol is a consonant-vowel combination. Linear B dates from the Mycenaean civilization. In the late 9th and early 8th century BC, the language found was based on the Phoenician syllabary, written from left to right and back again. This form of inscription is the closest to the modern language of today. 2. The Classical Period During the Classical period (6th-4th century BC), the territory of Greece was divided in numerous states and each one had its own dialect. The two more important dialects were the Ionic and the Attic. During this period, Athens established itself as the political, economic and cultural centre of the Greek world, and therefore the Attic idiom started to be used as a common language. After the expeditions of Alexander the Great, Attic dialect was also expanded in the depths of the East and it was spoken by millions of people. This gradually led to a mixing dialect which was the beginning of the koine, or common dialect, mostly known as the Hellenistic koine. This type of language survived through centuries and became an official language of the Roman Empire later on. The koine is the original language of the New Testament and the basis for the development of Medieval and Modern Greek. This language was developed all through the Byzantine times. 3. Katharevousa and Dimotiki With the creation of the modern Greek State in 1829, the question of the language, as an important part of the nation-building process,

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