“The breakdown of Sino-Soviet relations was primarily due to the ideological difference”. How far do you agree with this view?
There were many different aspects of the Sino-Soviet breakdown that had played an important role – ideology clearly playing an important part. However, the rivalry between the two superpowers, the clashing personalities of the leaders and their national interests were the many causes to the conflict.
Undoubtedly, in the 1950 to 60’s, the ideological differences clearly pushed the two superpowers apart, firstly through their different sights of communism. Mao’s Great Leap Forward in 1958, portrayed Mao’s idea that the peasants were fundamental, through their creative power. He had also clearly portrayed his belief that the Soviet economy had lost its revolutionary spirit. In 1963, the soviet party has published in ‘Open Letter” which argued that China had left the true path of communism. Mao’s argument to that was that the Soviet Union had gone off track what a communist country should be and that they ”re-established communism”. Clearly, ideology had played a big part in the break-down due to their ideologies being too different and overall making it impossible for them to cooperate together.
Competitive rivalry for leadership of the communist world was also a contributing factor into the break down in Sino-Soviet relations. During 1949 to 1953, Mao was set on the idea that Stalin has been the leader of the world of communism, which has become clear from his opinions in the Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance, where he explicated expressed the soviets supremacy – however, by the late 1950’s, his respect flipped. Mao’s believed that the Soviets introduction of ‘Peaceful Coexistence’ was a sign that Russia’s leadership had betrayed the world communism. Again, Khrushchev’s refusal to share nuclear technology with the Chinese was another sign of uncooperation towards fighting against capitalism. In 1964, China’s response to...