Miss Essay

545 WordsDec 11, 20113 Pages
Did Charles 1st have a fair trial? I disagree with the TV program dictating that Charles 1st trial was one of the fairest. In this essay I intend to depict what happened at Charles 1st trial and if it was a fair trial. Charles was put on trial in London, January 1st 1649. He was accused of being a (*). No law could be found in all England’s history that dealt with the trial of a monarch so the setting up of the court that was to try Charles was written by a Dutch lawyer called Issac Dorislaus and he based his work on an ancient Roman law which stated that a military body (in this case the government) could legally overthrow a tyrant. The execution of Charles, led to an eleven year gap in the rule of the Stuarts (1649 to 1660) and it witnessed the rise to supreme power of Oliver Cromwell - whose signature can be clearly seen on the death warrant of Charles 1st. Charles 1st was to be tried by 135 judges who would decide if he was guilty or not. But only 68 of those judges turned up for the trial. Those that didn’t weren’t happy about being associated with the trial of Charles 1st. In fact, there were plenty of people in Parliament who did not want to see Charles 1st put on trial but in December 1648, those people had been stopped from going into Parliament by a Colonel Pride who was helped by some soldiers. The only people allowed into Parliament were those who supported the trial of the Charles 1st. This Parliament was known as the Rump Parliament and of the 46 men allowed in (who were considered to be supporters of Cromwell) only 26 voted to try Charles 1st. Therefore even among those people considered to be loyal to Cromwell, there was no clear support to try Charles. At the trial, Charles refused to defend himself until the end but then he was refused the right too. He also refused to take off his hat as a sign of respect to the judges who did attend. This

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