Miss Essay

317 WordsOct 21, 20112 Pages
Outline and evaluate the multi-store model of memory The multi-store model was created in 1668 by Atkinson and Shiffrin. The model proposes that memory consists of the following stores: a sensory store, a short-term store and a long term-store. There have been many studies that support the multi-store of memory for example research shows that participants are able to recall the first few items of a list better than those from the middle. The conclusion to this experiment was that earlier items will have been rehearsed better and transferred to long term memory; but if rehearsal is prevented by an interference task e.g. counting backwards in threes, the effect disappears, as the model predicts. In addition to this participants also tend to remember the last few items better than those from the middle of the list. This is because the earlier items are rehearsed so they are transferred to the long term memory, whilst later items can be recalled because they are still in the short-term memory On the other hand, there are some limitations to the multi-store model for example: in the model the information has to be transferred from the short-term memory into the long term memory through rehearsal how every in real life we don’t always have to rehearse information for it to be transferred into our long term memory but we still remember it. Furthermore the multi-store model is oversimplified it assumes that there is only one short term store and one long term store however there has been evidence that disproves this; suggesting that there are several different short-term stores, and different long term stores. In conclusion the multi-store model has its strengths and weaknesses but although it is often criticised it is widely accepted because it proposes a simple theory of how we may remember some

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