Erick Romero 10/19/14 2A Explain the origin(s) of the Chinese Civil War, and to what extent was the Communist victory due to the use of guerrilla warfare In the early 20th century, China ran into political turmoil. With the revolution in 1911, in which the last dynasty, the Manchu dynasty was overthrown. The new Republic failed to set hold on China and warlord era would start. But China continued to be oppressed by many foreign powers because it lacked a strong central government. The Chinese Civil War was caused by two opposed political parties, the communists and the nationalists, to see who would be able to restore order and regain central power over China to bring it back to its glory.
Secondly the adoption of Christianity ruined unity in Rome. Thirdly Rome`s military short comings ruined their civilization in the long run. In conclusion the Roman Empire caused its own demise. Rome`s economic policies created an unsustainable Rome. When the Roman system of capturing foreign lands and enslaving them started to fail so did the Roman economy, the over inflation of the Roman economy lead to a loss of economic freedom, the Romans lack of innovation lead to an
-The defeat was part of a larger rebellion that began after the First Emperor's death. -The people were dissatisfied with the tyranny of the Qin leaders and their legalist form of government. -Chinese history portrays the Han as having implemented many changes to the government, evidence shows that the Han continued to rule in the tradition of the Qin, only gradually incorporating Confucian ideals into their legalist form of government. - rose after the rebellions of the Ch’in (stage one) - (stage two) Wu Ti (emperor) brought new economic policies, built canals, established granaries for surplus grain, increased taxes on merchants, created government monopolies (salt, copper coins, iron & liquor) - Debate on monopolies after Wu Ti’s death: “Salt & Iron Debate” - Legalists said: state should enjoy profits from salt & iron - Confucians said: leave resources in private hands for moral purity (government would be corrupted by dealings with merchants) - Confucian ideas begin to influence the legalists (emperors see Confucian scholars as bookish) - Confucian ideas shaped the moral of men w/o external restraints
One of the causes of the decline of the Roman and Han Empire is the internal problems within the state. The problem in the Han Empire involved the development of fractions within the ranks of the ruling elites. That led to backstabbing among the ruling elites which in turn reduced the effectiveness of the central government. Like the Han, the Roman Empire emperors faced internal opposition. One of the problems was that there was fewer that twenty- six claimants to the imperial throne, known as the “barracks emperors.” Generals was mainly who seized power, held it briefly, and then suddenly lost it between rivals.
* The later Han dynasty (25-220 C.E.) * Yellow Turban Uprising: revolt due to problems of land distribution * Collapse of the Han * Factions at court paralyzed the central government * Han empire dissolved; China was divided into regional kingdoms QUIZ: 1. In 99 B.C.E. the great historian of China, Sima Qian, suffered from castration because a. he was blamed for distorting history. b. he inflicted this pain on himself in order to be a eunuch.
Analyze the cultural and political changes and continuities in CHINESE civilization during the last centuries of the classical era (100 CE - 600 CE) I. Political Changes and Continuities (100 CE - 600 CE) Changes • Decline of the Han rule; this Dynasty had started around 206 BC to 220 CE (Their rule was known for its civil service examination that lasted for days, the invention of paper, calendars, the compass.) • After the fall of the Han Dynasty, it marked the beginning of the Three Kingdoms Period (220 CE - 265 CE); China became disunified for the next four hundred years and kingdoms took over the rule of different regions. • Split in rule and development of North and South China after the fall of Han; in the North,
The Opium War (1839-1842) was now in full effect. For the British, the war was seen as an upholding of free trade, and national honor (in the face of the backwards Chinese), while for the Chinese the war was viewed as a fight against opium and British authority. With the advancement of British troops in northern China, the Qing emperor became increasingly dissatisfied with Commissioner Lin, leading to his expulsion and exile. Although Lin was quickly replaced by a new governor general Ch’-i-shan, he too was dismissed when agreements made between the British forces and himself were deemed inadequate (i.e. the Ch’uan-Pi Convention).
(China tour 3) This harsh government style was because of the influence of governmental institutions of a previous Mongol period that was marked by a strong centralization. Zhu was full of mistrust, but still took over the responsibility of the imperial administration by
Document six is slightly different from the rest, as for it is written by an emperor, Tang Emperor Wu. “Buddhism has transmitted its strange ways and has spread like a luxurious vine until it has poisoned the customs of our nation.” This suggests that Buddhism is detrimental to society and it seeks to destroy the natural order, such as laws. Emperor Wu finds it awful for the amount of people belonging to Buddhist temples and chapels to outnumber the imperial palace. Buddhism is again referred to as an evil that need to be eliminated. These documents appear to make it seem that Buddhism had a hard time finding its place in
The Tang dynasty declined due to loss of communication throughout the empire, generals and officials gaining too much power, and revolts causing the empire to be weak and open for attack. The Tang soon fell then the Song dynasty came about fifty years later. During the Song dynasty men began to change their minds about religion, customs, and jobs. Many of the Song rulers began to think that Buddhism was allowing the women to have too many rights so they tried to change the religion back to Confucian beliefs; which lowered women’s rights. Instead of not having