Military Veterans & the Criminal Justice System
Veterans from all branches of the United States military are at an increased risk of developing mental health issues and often in turn face related social and legal difficulties. Some valiant efforts have been made in proper diagnosis, proper treatment, legal remedies and defenses and community support. These efforts have attributed to positive effects on the acknowledgement of mental health and the effects of active warfare on military veterans in the United States. Research continues to suggest that more needs to be done to treat psychiatric conditions in veterans, especially those veterans left undiagnosed and untreated.
Keywords: maladjustment, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), veteran-defendant, combat, alcohol, trauma, solution
Vietnam Veterans and the Criminal Justice System
Although more popular in recent years, with the increase of media, technology, studies and research, the history of maladjustment for veterans into the criminal justice system did not begin with veterans and soldiers involved in Iraq, Afghanistan or other more recent wars, but rather history shows that even with World War II, Vietnam War and others, many problems existed with Veterans attempting to readjust when they returned from combat.
The Vietnam War, which began in 1963, by Congress under President Lyndon Johnson had its roots beginning in 1945 when the Vietnamese instigated an anti-colonial war against France. (Mintz, S. (2007). Vietnam War. Digital History. Retrieved November 16, 2011, http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/modules/vietnam/index.cfm). Following the French defeat and a peace treaty in Geneva, Vietnam received their independence and Vietnam was temporarily divided between an anti-Communist South and a Communist North. South Vietnam refused to hold the unification elections in 1956, and by 1958, Viet Cong, which was the term for Communist-led guerrillas...