Migration In Central And Eastern Europe Essay

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Continuity and Change Migration in Central and Eastern Europe before and after 2004 EU enlargement Agata Górny Centre of Migration Research Warsaw University International Symposium on International Migration and Development Turin, 28-30 June 2006 Transition Period The late 1980s until early 2000s (2004 enlargement of the EU) Migration in CEE in the transition period General tendencies Transformation of selected CEE countries into migrant receiving areas CEE as a separate ‘migration space’ Migration in CEE in the transition period Outflow: observed tendencies Ethnicity-based outflow Political emigration Economic emigration (decreasing) (decreasing) (increasing) Ethnicity-based outflow (1985-89 and 1996-2000) Source: P. Kaczmarczyk, M. Okólski (2005) Outflow: temporary employment abroad (1985-89 and 1996-2000) Source: P. Kaczmarczyk, M. Okólski (2005) Migration in CEE in the transition period Outflow: main characteristics Short-term movements European destinations Importance of migrant networks Incomplete migration Incomplete migration Main features Temporary or circular mobility Irregularity of stay or work in the host country Unstable occupational position and ‘loose’ social status in the country of origin Regular contacts with the home country Usually poorly skilled people coming from peripheral regions. Migration in CEE in the transition period Inflow of labour: main characteristics Labour employed as poorly skilled workers Ex-USSR citizens Petty entrepreneurs (family and ethnic business) Chinese in Hungary Vietnamese in the Czech Republic and Poland Highly skilled experts (intracompany transfers) Western countries Inflow: employment of foreigners (1985-89 and 1996-2000) Source: P. Kaczmarczyk, M. Okólski (2005) After enlargement: European integration 2004 and later

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