Migration Essay

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Migration is the movement of people from one place in the world to another for the purpose of taking up permanent or semipermanent residence, usually across a political boundary.Migrations have occurred throughout human history, beginning with the movements of the first human groups from their origins in East Africa to their current location in the world. Migration can be two types. People migrate to a new home within a state, country, or continent or migrate to a new home in a different state, country, or continent. People migrate for variety of reasons. The main reasons why people migrate are environmental, economic,political. Migrants are pushed from their homes by environmental conditions. Water-either too much or too little- poses the most environmental threat. Many people are forced to move by water-related disasters because they live in a vulnerable area, such as a floodplain. A lack of water pushes others from their land. Attractive environments for migrants include mountains, seasides, and warm climates also push people to move in a new place. People think about emigrating from places that have few job opportunities. Because of economic restructuring, job prospects often vary from one country to another and within regions of the same country. People immigrate to places where the jobs seem to be available. An area that has valuable natural resources, such as petroleum or uranium, may attract miners and engineers. A new industry may lure factory workers, technicians, and scientists. Political conditions can also operate as pull factors,especially the lure of freedom. People are attracted to democratic countries that encourage individual choice in education, career, and place of residence. Migration, like any other process, shapes many fields of life. Human migration has had a

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