The Puerto Rican people, who flee the country with no job, are still searching after arriving to the US. People who emigrate with a professional career such as: 1,206 with a managerial profession, 4,487 administrative or clerical works, 3,815 sales people, among others, are still searching for places to work after arriving. True, the world has become to be composed of sedentary people seeking compliance from one place to live. Agriculture was part of the daily life of each individual long time ago. Over the years we noticed agriculture is not the job of the individual, but which became an industry that channels the fruits and deliver them to families without the need for home gardens.
Hispanic Americans predominantly worked in the farming industry within California, but were only employed seasonally during harvests. Therefore, average wage was only $1,378, which meant they usually lived low quality rented accommodation. One of the main reasons for Chicanos poverty was farming unions had no legal protection consequently it was hard to fight against the injustice. However, influential individuals such as, César Chávez the leader of the Community Service Organisation, National Farm Workers Association and later the United Farmers Workers was key is bringing about a change of Hispanic Americans status. The turning point came when the newly formed United Farm Workers launched its first big campaign in 1965 taking strike action involving over 10,000 farm workers.
At the time, Porfirio Diaz was and had been dictator of Mexico for 35 years. Majority of the land was distributed among the wealthy and Campecinos (peasants) were deprived of their lands .As a result about 95% of rural population did not own land and Mexico was owned by less than 1,000 families (Burns 196). The hacienda owners became rich and the campecinos lost their economic independence. Campecinos now worked in the haciendas or migrated to work on unhealthy sugarcane plantations (Gonzales 1). Emiliano Zapata rebelled against the government and created a movement to overthrow Diaz.
Consequently, Asians were excluded from taking advantage of this viable economic opportunity. It is clear that the Homestead Act is discriminatory in its effect. However, this paper explores whether or not Congress had a discriminatory intent in the passage of this landmark law. Part One of this paper briefly discusses the history of federal naturalization laws that prevented Asians from becoming United States citizens. I.
The National Labor Relations Act took effect in 1936 giving most american workers the right to join unions. From 1962 to 1965 Cesar Chavez and a small group of organizers traveled up and down California’s agricultural valleys, talking to people, holding house meetings, helping with problems, and inviting farmworkers to join their new organization. They didn’t call the National Farmworkers Association a labor union, because people had such bad memories of lost strikes and unfulfilled promises. It was a slow and tedious process. A lot changed on September 8, 1965.
The Great Depression started in October 1929 when the stock market crashed. Farming income fell some 50 percent, and in 1932 approximately one out of every four Americans was unemployed. By 1933 the whole value of stock on the New York Stock Exchange was less than a fifth of what it had been at its peak in 1929, the novel is set in California. This was where most people migrated to during the 1930’s and 40’s, most migrants ended up competing for seasonal jobs picking crops at extremely low wages. George and Lennie are the main characters in the book they are migrant workers, but in chapter 4 Steinbeck focuses on Crooks.
This could be for a number of reasons, such as being from a poor family or them feeling like they are not getting enough attention at home. ‘” Children live in fear”’ said Becker (“Uganda: Child Abductions…”). The way that children in these situations are being treated is terrible. Adolescents who have been abducted are
Then farmers are shown examining the quality of crops, picking cotton, and riding wheat threshers. The resettlement administration loaned money to tenant farmers so they could buy their own land, and established camps for migrant workers. Vehicles are driving into camps for migrant workers. The Second New Deal's most ambitious program was the WPA—the Works Progress Administration. The WPA created more than 8 million jobs from 1935 to 1943 for a great many unskilled workers and professionals.
The push factors of their homeland- no arable land for crops, contaminated water, and no money- caused the farmers and their families to leave .Then California’s pull factors, such as harvest labor job opportunities, attracted these refugees of depression. All of these families that come from the same region and are migrating to California are an example of a chain migration. Also, since it stayed in the United States, it could be known as an internal migration. Inter- regional could also be another name for this migration because the farmers migrated from one region to a different region but remained in the United States. However, due to such massive migration of people to California, there was a huge decline in employment rates, shortage in work, and low wages.
Critique of “Imagining the Immigrant” In John Savant’s article “Imagining the Immigrant,” he implies that to fully understand the situation of immigration, we must imagine ourselves in the immigrant’s situation. The purpose of Savant’s article is to make his reader think and try to imagine what an immigrant goes through. Savant wants his readers to understand that immigration is something people do when they are seeking a better life here in America and when they have run out of options. He goes on to say that “Law and morality are not always commensurate”(1), meaning just because the law says immigration should be a certain way does not mean that that is the correct way morally to handle the situation. And although Savant makes a persuasive argument, he fails to tell both sides of illegal immigration.