Middle East Essay

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Key Words Weeks 4-6 Week 4 Hudgson, Marshall. “The Interrelations of Societies in History,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 5:2 (January 1963): 227-50. - Mercator Map - A map created my Gerardus Mercator, popular because it shows the correct angles for navigation, although it’s shapes and areas are badly distorted. - Eurocentric vision- the Western view that the “Western” countries, such as Europe, are more important that the “Eastern” countries - Continent - A continent is not named a continent because of its geographical features but instead by its stature, its importance to the West. The rank of a continent may be disproportionate to its size. - The “West” - these include lands that are thought of as “mainstream” such as Europe. The world has come to believe that the “West” is much more significant and important then the East, although, this is not truly accurate. - The “East” - the area thought of as the “Orient”. It is thought of as more isolated and static. The Eurocentric view of the “East” is that it is far less important. Bentley, Jerry. “Hemispheric Integration, 500-1500 C.E.,” Journal of World History 9:2 (Fall 1998): 237-54. - Hemispheric Integration - the coming together of different countries and hemispheres throughout the world though trade and interactions. - Cross Cultural Interactions - It is trade between two or more different cultures. Different cultures interacted with each other to do exchanges that deal with commercial, biological, and cultural changes. - Long Distance Trade - this is a type of cross cultural interaction in which people of different cultures came together and traded with each other. The demand for different products in different countries helped to build the countries selling their goods. Wealth from the trade helped to finance the states. - Integration - cross cultural trade helped to bring along integration, which

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