This period of development called adolescence is a stage in which the body of the child begins to form a more structured frame physically and mentally. The physical development of the adolescence progresses rapidly. This progression is called puberty. Puberty as stated by Robert A, Baron (1998) is the period of rapid change during which individuals of both genders reach sexual maturity. (Baron, 1998, p. 343) During this period of adolescence development sexual hormones are increased, the boys start to produce sperm and the girls begin their menstrual periods.
Females and males transcend the four phases, and surprisingly, some of the phases are similar for both sexes, while others are different. The first stage of the sexual response cycle is the excitement phase. In this phase, vasocongestion stimulates blood flow to the sexual organs during the excitement phase. Males may experience erection within three to eight seconds of stimulation, while females may experience vaginal swelling and lubrication in 10 to 30 seconds. Vasocongestion also causes swelling of breasts and nipples, testes, and the earlobes, because of dilation of blood vessels.
Aspects of Adolescent egocentrism Development in teen years includes high increase of hormones, brain development that’s imbalanced, sexual maturation (puberty) and most importantly great self-awareness. Adolescent egocentrism starts to become more apparent in the tween and teen years. With the increase of hormone production and onset of puberty there is another imbalance to this development, the brain development. The limbic system matures before the pre frontal cortex leaving the imbalance of more emotion and less logical thinking. With an influx of self-absorbed thoughts, high awareness of details, and great concern of others opinions, this egocentric stage can possibly cause even more imbalance stress and anxiety in adolescent years.
The male’s response in the excitement phase is a little different. When a male is sexually aroused within a few seconds they develop and erection, the scrotal skin thickens and the testes become enlarged. During this phase male and females do share some similar response such as the “rosy sex flush” that the skin takes on. Heart rate and blood pressure increase and the nipples in both sexes become erect. The next phase of the sexual response cycle is referred to as the plateau phase.
The changes begun in phase one are intensified with males vasocongestion results in the erection. The testes begin to elevate and the skin on the scrotum tenses and thickens. The excitement phase in women also has vasocongestion swelling which makes the vaginal tissues, clitoris, and the areas surrounding the opening of the vagina. At this point the vaginal lubrication appears. The inner two-thirds of the vagina expand and vaginal wall thicken and turn a deeper color.
During the plateau phase males experience increase in the circumference of the head of the penis, this changes color and takes on a purplish color. The testes are elevated into position for ejaculation and can become one and a half times larger. The level of sexual excitement levels out in this phase, even though the rate of breathing and blood pressure continues to increase. Now during the orgasmic phase males, experience two stages of muscular contractions, unlike women. Semen collects at the base of the penis in the first stage.
The scrotal skin also thickens, becoming less baggy. The testes increase in size and become elevated. In the female, excitement is characterized by vaginal lubrication, which may start 10 to 30 seconds after sexual stimulation begins. Vasocongestion, which cause erection in the penis and swelling of the area surrounding the vaginal opening, swells the clitoris and flattens and spreads the vaginal lips. The inner part of the vagina expands.
When the man is aroused, his penis experiences a surge in blood flow and becomes erect, his scrotal skin thickens, and his testes become enlarged. In women, the clitoris will swell and become flat, which in turn cases the lips of the vagina to open, and the vaginal canal to become lubricated. Her vagina will also expand and her breast will enlarge. In both men and women, blood pressure will rise, the skin may blush from excitement, their heart rates will increase, and their nipples may become erect. Phase 2, plateau.
Puberty effects the adolescents in their mental maturation, curiosity and makes them susceptible to important influences such as peer-pressure and media-coverage on how to look and act. Although psychologists have termed this time in a person’s life as one of “sturm und drang” (Stanley
Ibrayeva Aigerim TFL 1A The key social and cognitive changes during adolescence. Adolescence is a time of many transitions for both teens (adolescent) and their families. To ensure that teens and adults navigate these transitions successfully, it is important for both to understand what is happening to the teen physically, cognitively, and socially; how these transitions affect teens; what adults can do; and what support resources are available. As you read the following information, keep in mind that while all teens develop, they don’t all follow the same timeline. Throughout this stage there appear physical & psychological changes in adolescent.