Children are put into groups in order to give them the best learning potential and for their learning to be appropriate for their age and level of understanding. Some children can be easily distracted, so would work better in a smaller group with adult supervision to keep them on task and encouragement them to keep focused. Potential issues that may arise in group learning could be that some children may take over the group and always answer before others, which in turn not all children in the group get to put their opinions, idea's or views across. It could cause ineffective communication between the group if a few are not understanding the task or some may be shy and introvert. Due to the nature of working in teams, children can sometimes find that they are not working effectively, which negatively impacts on their learning, and their ability to progress.
IB Psychology 1 H435-2 Erikson’s psychological theory of psychosocial development in adolescents has been supported and disputed, showing many strengths and weaknesses, by a multitude of case studies most specifically Rutter et al and Espin et al. Erikson’s theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan and shows how he believes that personality develops in a series of eight different stages. Each stage in Erikson’s theory is concerned with becoming competent in an area of life and experiencing a conflict that serves as a turning point in development. He believes that if the “stage” is handled well, the person will feel a sense of mastery but if the stage is handled poorly, the person will emerge with a sense of inadequacy. In Erikson’s view he sees these conflicts centered around developing a psychological quality or failing to develop that quality.
3.3 Help children and young people to understand and respect other people’s feelings and points of view. Children and young people need to learn to understand and respect the feelings, emotions and behaviours of others to help them gain an understanding about their actions and consequences. Young children might find this difficult as their understanding will not be as developed enough for them to put themselves in the position of others, but as children grow and learn they gain a greater experience of this and often older pupils will enjoy opportunities to debate and discuss different points of view in lesson time and in social situations. We often speak to them in school about thinking of the consequences of their actions and how they might have affected others. Ways in which my workplace helps young people to consider others feelings * Books, stories, magazines, literacy reading times and interaction through reading.
Most children between this age group may have close friends and will still play with both genders. A child should have started school and will be able to enjoy their independence although still needing comfort and reassurance. By now a good sense of self-awareness (both positive and negative) will have been developed. Children around this age are able to form firm friendships which helps them to understand boundaries and why they are necessary. At school they may be responsible for being class helpers,
.1 Explain how different types of transitions can affect children and young people’s development Transitions are the movements, passages or changes from one position, state, stage, subject or concept to another. These changes can be gradual or sudden, and last for differing periods of time. The transitions that children and young people face can be: • Emotional: affected by personal experiences, for example bereavement or the divorce or separation of parents • Physical: moving to a new home, class or school • Intellectual: moving from one type of organization to another, for example from nursery to school, primary school to secondary school, secondary school to college or college to university • Physiological: going through puberty or a long-term medical condition/disability • Move from nappies to using the toilet - is a potential confidence and self esteem demoraliser. The reassurance that nappies offer can be enormous for both child and parent. Some children move effortlessly through this transition with seemingly minimal support, for others it is more difficult recognising the signs of needing the toilet, for them it can make accidents and the events that could occur in response to an accident something to be dreaded and feared.
1) Be able to develop positive relationships with children and young people. 1.1) Explain why positive relationships with children and young people are important and how these are built and maintained? Having a positive relationship with children and young people are important because: • Children feel comfortable with us so they can separate easier from their parents. • Children are more likely to participate in play and activities if they secure emotionally. • Children are less likely to show unwanted behaviour.
In an attempt to explore a fairly under researched subject, researchers Bigelow and La Gaipa looked at the differences in children’s understanding of friendship at various stages of development. They created a unique means of investigating the gradual changes in the understanding of friendship as children grow older. In doing so they helped to shed new light on the important role that friends play in children’s lives. In addition another researcher was also interested in this subject: William Corsaro. However, Corsaro was interested in how children talk to each other and believed that research on children’s friendships should focus on children’s individual understanding of the word ‘friend’.
Parents who don’t have active social life can affect the child behaviour in relation with others, in ability to make new friends, to cooperate and share. The parent’s alcohol and drugs dependence have a negative impact on the physical and emotional well-being of children and can cause home environments to become chaotic and unpredictable, leading to child maltreatment. Children tend to grow up and to be like their parents, children who live in homes where parents smoke, they are more likely to become
Throughout this stage there appear physical & psychological changes in adolescent. And I also would like to demonstrate cognitive development according to Piaget & Erickson’s theory of social development. This different & main developments & changes sometimes run into problems like depression & suicide, criminal behaviour & eating disorders. As the result I’m going to use the first, common problem in adolescence. Now let’s talk about the history of adolescence.
Features of early adulthood - Psycho/social The late teens and early twenties is a time where young people face many challenges and feelings of uncertainty. It is when adolescence is left behind and adult responsibilities are assumed. However these routes to adult responsibilities are highly diverse in timing and order across individuals. During these years of extended exploration, young people prolong identity development as they explore alternatives in breadth and depth. These alternatives may be work, personal beliefs, values, love and those with the economic resources can explore alternatives in education.