Middle Ages Music

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Middle ages music period extends from 500 AD to 1400 AD, while the Renaissance music is from the 1400 AD to 1600 AD. Renaissance was about rebirth. Medieval period is the foundation that was laid for the notational and theoretical practices that shaped western music into what it is today. Music of the middle Ages made great advancements in regard to tonal material, texture, and rhythm.The church was majorly affected by the development of music, the first major type of music of this time was chanting. The early Christians inherited the Jewish chants of synagogues. One chant came out this in 1101 AD called Gregorian chant is monophonic, that is, music composed with only one melodic line without accompaniment. Middle ages music was both secular and sacred. Around the end of the ninth century, singers in monasteries such as St. Gall in Switzerland began experimenting with adding another singing to the chant c which represents the beginnings of harmony. In the years 1170 to 1250 began Ars antiqua in Notre Dame School of polyphony. This was the period in which rhythmic notation first appeared in western music known as rhythmic modes. Almost all composers of the ars antiqua are anonymous. Musicians during that period were Trouvères and troubadours, their monophonic melodies of the traveling musicians, which might have been added improvised accompaniments and were often rhythmically lively. The majority of these songs are love, in all combinations of joy and pain. Later in the late middle ages began Ars nova which refers to a musical style which was big and France and few other countries. The music of the ars nova differed from the preceding era in several ways. There was a greater independence of rhythm, and Secular music gained polyphonic sophistication which was previously only found in sacred music. The Ars nova paved the way for new music in the renaissance era.

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