Mid-Term Essay

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Seven Wonderments Can you name the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World? Very few can due to the fact that there are other lists of wonders and not to mention the fact that only one of the seven still remains standing today. The seven wonders are as follows: The Great Pyramids of Giza, The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, The Statue of Zeus at Olympia, The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, The Colossus at Rhodes, The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, and The Lighthouse at Alexandria. The list was debated at first and then finalized during the Middle Ages. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only remaining wonder of the ancient world that still stands today. It is believed the pyramid was built as a tomb for the Fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. Some speculate the sloping sides were intended to help the soul of the king climb to the sky and join the gods. Many scholars think the pyramid shape was an important religious statement for the Egyptians, perhaps symbolizing the slanting rays of the sun. It was completed around 2560 B.C. It is believed to have taken about 100,000 laborers and about 20 years to build. The Great pyramid stands at 450 feet tall and covers 13 acres. It is estimated that it is constructed of 2.3 million blocks. One theory of construction is that crews dragged or pushed limestone blocks up mud-slicked ramps to construct the royal tombs. A second theory suggests that the blocks were placed using long levers with a short angled foot. However they did it they did a magnificent job. It has withstood fires, earthquakes, conquests of time as the other six did not. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were located near modern-day Baghdad, Iraq. They were built by Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 B.C. to please one of his wives as they contained exotic plants and animals which were imported from all over the world. According to the writings of a Babylonian priest, they were

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