Abstract The focus of this experiment was to analyze the kinetics of a nucleophilic substitution. A mixture of 0.3622-M 1-bromopropane and 0.3622-M potassium hydroxide in an 90:10 ethanol/water solvent provided the reactants for a SN2 reaction to occur in a temperature controlled bath at 50.0˚C. The disappearing reactant was found by titrating timed aliquots during the reaction and then measuring the concentration of hydroxide. The k-value was found to be 0.0202 M-1Min-1. Using the linear form of the Arrhenius equation the activation energy was calculated to be 19.9 kcal/mol.
After that, dissolve the sample in 2 mL of deionized water and shake the test tube for 1 to 1 ½ minutes to dissolve the solid. Place another dry test tube in a 50mL beaker and weigh it. Find a bottle of barium iodide and record the name and molar mass. Then, weight out either anhydrous barium iodide or barium iodide dehydrate into this test tube and dissolve is it in 2 mL of deionized water. Pour the contents of one of the test tubes into the other and a reaction should occur and you should see a white precipitate of barium sulfate form.
Fill the burette with 0.005mol dm-3 potassium manganate(VII) solution. 6. Pour some of the thyme extract solution into a 250cm3 plastic beaker. 7. Using a measuring cylinder, add 50cm3 of 1.0mol dm-3 sulphuric(VI) acid to the thyme extract in the conical flask.
Part A: Spectroscopy 1. 0.05g of Iron(III) Nitrate in a 50-ml beaker. Add 17 mL of distilled water to the beaker and mix with a stir rod until the solid is completely dissolved. 2. Obtain another 50-mL beaker and add 0.05g of Chromium(III) Nitrate to the beaker.
Then five drops of concentrated H2SO4 solution was added to the Erlenmeyer flask containing salicylic acid and acetic anhydride. The solution was thoroughly mixed. The Erlenmeyer flask and its contents were placed in the boiling bath for 15 minutes making sure that the fluid inside the Erlenmeyer flask was below the water line of the boiling water. While the flask was being heated, an ice bath was prepared. To prepare an ice bath, a 600-mL beaker was filled half way with water and the other half with ice.
We added anhydrous Sodium Sulfate as a drying agent. To complete, we distilled the cyclohexene and collected the product. Knowing this data, we determined the yield % which is 58.5%. This experiment features the dehydration of cyclohexanol and produce cyclohexene. The acid catalyzed dehydration of cyclohexanol with distillative removal of the resulting cyclohexene from the reaction mixture
This was done by treating the sulfanillic acid with NANO2 and hydrochloric acid by the following procedure. We dissolved 0.107 g of sodium bicarbonate in 5 mL of water in a 50 mL Erlenmeyer flask. 0.197 g of sulfanilic acid monohydrate was added to the solution, and the solution was heated until it dissolved. Once the solution was cooled to room temperature, 0.083 g of sodium nitrite was added to the solution and stirred until the mixture dissolved. This solution was then cooled in an ice-water bath while frequently being stirred for 10 minutes.
2 mL of a saturated calcium acetate solution was added to an evaporating dish. 15 mL of ethanol was added to the dish and swirled. The dish was ignited. 8. 3g of NH4Cl and 7g of Sr (OH) 2 * 8H2O were added to a 125 Erlenmeyer flask and swirled vigorously for 5 minutes.
Ashley Peccatiello Experiment 7 – Dehydration of 2-Methylclyclohexanol, Tests for Unsaturation, and Gas Chromatography Date Performed: October 25, 2012 Date Written: October 29, 2012 Purpose: To dehydrate 2-methylclyclohexanol to obtain two isomers. To separate the products by simple distillation. To analyze the sample by introducing the technique of gas chromatography and unsaturation tests. Reaction: Figure 1. Overall reaction of the acid-catalyzed dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol Figure 2.
The following data were obtained when a sample of barium chloride hydrate was analyzed as described in the Procedure section. Calculate (a) the mass of the hydrate, (b) the mass of water lost during heating, and (c) the percent water in the hydrate. Mass of empty test tube 18.42 g Mass of test tube and hydrate (before heating) 20.75 g Mass of test tube and anhydrous salt (after heating) 20.41 g. Mass of the Hydrate is 2.33g. Loss (H2O) is 0.34g. Percent H2O in Hydrate is equal 0.34/2.33=14.6% 3.