Mickey Mouse Essay

1028 WordsFeb 21, 20125 Pages
Mickey Mouse emerged in 1928, starring in multiple animated shorts, most notably Steamboat Willie, and marking the beginning of Disney’s emergence. But two other companies were neck and neck with Disney before Disney’s success. 1. It’s important to note that from the 20’s to the late 30’s, animation was dominated by shorts developed by three major companies: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), Warner Brothers, and Disney. These shorts were precursors to full length feature animation films. (RED) a. Early cartoon classics were characterized by: numerous audio and visual gags and a repetition of situations (commonly chase scenes) that are offset by arbitrary endings (Funny Pictures) (i) Quote: “Most American cartoons are built around carefully unified narratives motivated by clearly defined, goal-oriented characters and chronologically arranged actions that lead toward a strong thematic resolution and discursive closure.” – (Funny Pictures) 1. Examples of this are Wiley Coyote and Elmer Fudd b. MGM entered the playing field in the early 30’s, developed its own animation department in 1937 under Fred Quimby, but closed it in 1957. i. During its peak, William Hanna and Joseph Barbara earned seven Oscars for their creation of Tom and Jerry, a slapstick cartoon comedy well-known by adults and children alike (RED). ii. MGM turned out multiple animated films before the closing of its animation unit, including: The Bear That Couldn’t Sleep (1938), Peace on Earth (1938), Puss Gets the Boot (1940), The Midnight Snack (1941), and The Night Before Christmas (1941). (RED) c. Warner Brothers was also mainly animated shorts, but was certainly well known at its beginnings for Looney Tunes, another well known slapstick cartoon, and Merrie Melodies, which competed against Happy Harmonies from MGM, and Silly

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