Mgt4400 Essay

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Stephanie Betancourt Prof. Bishop MGT 4400 HW#1 1. What is Affirmative Action? According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, affirmative action refers to “an active effort to improve the employment or educational opportunities of women and members of minority groups through preferential treatment in job hiring, college admissions, the awarding of government contracts, and the allocation of other social benefits.” Affirmative action is a measure used by employers to promote equal employment opportunities and to compensate for historical discrimination. 2. When was affirmative action established? The term affirmative action was first introduced by President John F. Kennedy on March 6 1961 in the Executive Order 10925 with the purpose of eliminating discrimination with the process of employment. Although President Kennedy signed the Executive Order, this measure did not seem to impact society and did not solve the issue of discrimination. Later on in 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson enacted Executive Order 11246 where he demanded the government to take “affirmative action” in regards to establishing non-discriminatory hiring practices. These requirements included to ignore many different factors such as: race, religion, gender, age, and other aspects that comprise the protected class. 3. Who established affirmative action? President Kennedy and President Johnson are two of the main cofounders in respect to Affirmative Action. However, I strongly believe that the most important contributors to establishing equal employment opportunities were the people that were oppressed in the past and were treated unequal. These people are the result of a better society, at least a less harsh one. Because of their protests, their voices, and their unfortunate feelings of being left out is the reason why we today, are backed up with what are called “Civil

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