All profitability ratios are showing decline in the year 2008 as compared to 2007. The assets turnover went down by 1.92 times, the profit margin went down by 4.58%, the return on assets turnover went down by 46.57% and return on shareholders’ equity went down by 67.09%, they all went down due to decline in revenues in 2008 as compared to 2007. The solvency ratio has shown improvement in the year 2008 as it down to 15.88% from 24.47% in 2007, which shows a decline of 8.59%. It shows that company has less relied on debt financing against its total assets in 2008 as compared to 2007. Horizontal Analysis The net income in the year 2008 went down by around 35.87%; it was due to decline in revenues by 16.53%.
It not only encourages employees to perform their job well, but also to go beyond their current situation. However, different employee need be motivated in different ways based on their different personality and needs. At the same time, different tasks should be motivated differently based on intrinsic or extrinsic rewards as well. Precision works as a lean manufacturer; they are looking and expecting the best practice to improve the productivity. Therefore, hearing from local teams’ new ideas is valuable for the company to improve the productivity and eliminate wasted time, effort and motion.
The two companies appear to share values related to corporate social responsibility, but employees question whether Ben & Jerry’s previous commitments on issues like product purity and providing a public voice on social issues fit into the new business strategy. The uncertainty is resulting in declines in both morale and employee commitment. Yola Carlough’s strategy as head of Social Mission should be two pronged. First, she must begin a process of realigning aspects of the culture that are in conflict with the current business strategy. This must include addressing core values that are in conflict with the new strategy as well as building a new vision that embraces core values essential to the strategy, like operational efficiency.
If these assumptions are unchecked or inappropriate, we will make poor decisions and wrong judgments. In our personal relationships we use critical thinking to keep our lines of communications open thereby allowing us to use lessons learned to avoid repeating the same mistakes. In the workplace we avoid stagnation and are willing to challenge the current thinking, which may be out of date and is no longer relevant to our current work philosophy. Paul Richard (2008), an authority on critical thinking, characterizes a good critical thinker in terms of knowledge, abilities, attitudes, and habitual ways of behaving, including the following characteristics. The critical thinker: • uses evidence skillfully and impartially • organizes thoughts and articulates them concisely and coherently • distinguishes between logically valid and invalid inferences • suspends judgment in the absence of sufficient evidence to support a decision • understands the difference between reasoning and rationalizing • attempts to anticipate the probable consequences of alternative actions • understands the idea of degrees of belief • sees similarities and analogies that are not superficially
In strategic aspect, AI should provide a good environment to employee, give them the object and goals, and also provide some motivation give rewards, to let employee works to him more honestly and royalty. An honest and ethical culture should be developed to encourage employees to do the “right” thing at all times. 2. In action control, AI has fault in delegation and not gives enough autonomy to employees and partners to perform some managerial function. Particularly, he should clearly identify administrative constraints to restrict partner’s and employee’s ability to make decisions.
The negative aspects of change are employees wonder how changes will impact them which can create anxiety and decrease their overall productivity, performance and job satisfaction. Some of the positive are change can give employees a fresh start and new outlook on the future of the company, it can also generate creativity and a renewed commitment to excellence. The best way to reduce the negative, and increase the positive effects of change is with effective communication. Effective communication is essential to getting employees to understand the change buy-in and
Aviva Investors’ strategy is to promote long-term sustainability and that could be done only by integrating ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) risks and opportunities into companies’ management. According to Waygood this would be the best way to create and sustain the value of the companies in the long run. In order to convince internally the portfolio companies, Aviva is promoting Materiality for various industries, sectors, and organizations. Waygood’s team is also active with experts to publish research topics that cover the importance of good governance and societal issues for the shareholder’s long term value sustainability. Moreover, the use of means such as public relations, corporate correspondence, direct meetings, and phone calls was a way to inform and educate portfolio companies about criteria and practices Aviva judged crucial for the future.
 North American air space was closed for several days after the attacks and air travel decreased upon its reopening, leading to a nearly 20% cutback in air travel capacity, and exacerbating financial problems in the struggling U.S. airline industry.  The September 11 attacks also led indirectly to the U.S. wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as additional homeland security spending, totaling at least $5
As Wal-Mart did 5 percent better in quarterly posting of profits and Target’s sales and profits were shooting down, the Media spreading this through news, features, and editorial opinions had a large affect to Target’s performance. 2. What macroenviormental factors have affected Target’s performance over the past few years? Definitely, the economical factor over the last few years was rough as the economy was in a recession and inflation. As Target was at a decline of 10 percent in sales and falling, eventually it got so bad that the investors lost 85 percent of their investments including William Ackman, who lost 1.7 billion in the company.
There was a combination of domestic and worldwide conditions that led to the Great Depression. Many have believed that the crash of the stock market on October 29th, is one and the same with the Great Depression. In fact, it was one of the major causes that led to the Great Depression. Two months after the original crash in October, stockholders had lost more than $40 billion dollars. Even though the stock market began to recover some of its losses, by the end of 1930, it just was not enough and America truly entered what is called the Great Depression.