September 12th, 2012
Organizational Behavior Organizational behavior is an important area of study because it influences organizational culture. It encompasses key areas of an organization such as diversity and communication. By analyzing these areas of their structure, organizations can hope to understand interactions between employees and their effect on key business areas. Although not a traditional science organizational behavior is instrumental to a company’s success.
The term “organizational culture” is defined as a shared set of beliefs and values within an organization (Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn, 2008, p. 11). These beliefs and values will determine the vision for a company and are generally bred by senior management. Organizations with strong cultures have a distinct advantage over those with weaker cultures. Harmonious relationships on both the peer level, and between the hierarchical levels of an organizational structure, lead to increased productivity and quality.
The key characteristic of the organizational culture is that it is a representation of how employees feel in the workplace. When employees feel threatened or defensive they are less likely to produce at a high level. In constructive cultures employees feel part of a team and are encouraged to interact with those around them. This interaction and camaraderie breeds innovation and motivates employees to perform at high levels (Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn, 2008, p. 11).
Organizational behavior (OB), as the term implies, is the study of individuals and groups in organizations. The study of OB attempts to improve an organization and its workforce through studying interpersonal processes and an organization’s dynamics. OB melds the studies of behavioral sciences, such as psychology with social