As time has passed by, El Salvador has developed and invested more into the services sector and industrialization, the central region is the most industrialized, followed by the two other major cities in the country: San Miguel and Santa Ana. El Salvador, with a population of 6.227 million (World Bank), it is composed of three ethnic groups: Mestizo (a mixture of Spanish and indigenous people), Amerindian 10 and European. Indigenous people were at the bottom of the social hierarchy in colonial times and subject to abuse from their “lords” or people who belonged to upper classes. The majority of the population in El Salvador is now mestizo(a). However, those who have more indigenous features suffer some discrimination and are referred to by the derogatory terms "indios" (Indians) or "negros" (blacks).
As for the Spanish, they had a very patriarchy type society; men dominated the legal system, religion, and house. Women’s life was especially changed because of the way the Spanish viewed women in Europe, to the way women were viewed to the natives living in the Americas. In Women in the Crucible of Conquest, Powers discusses how and why women suffered diminution of power in America. The difference between the two cultures was vast. Women in the Americas, who had once seen power and almost equality to men, were now going to lose respect in religious, legal, and cultural ways that they never saw coming.
Native Americans found themselves to be in the minority and were slaughtered or enslaved by the newcomers. Native Americans were treated as less than human for hundreds of years and continue to struggle for rights to this day. Murder and massacre came more from the Anglos, while the Spanish settlements on the west coast enslaved the Native Americans in the name of education and conversion to Christianity, forcing them to build missions and study the Bible, among other things. Native Americans who willing obeyed and be glad about their new talents were looked down upon by other Native
In the South, only 15% of southern blacks were allowed to vote and this marked as a contrast to their black’s political situation. Secondly, there were economic differences. Black people in the south worked in the agricultural sector as well as in domestic service jobs which were very poorly paid. Blacks earned less than the whites; 53% of whites’ wages. It was rare for African Americans to be promoted, as the white workers would walk out or even cause a riot.
The death of their ruler made a fight for the spot. After the civil war the people then spread out over many miles of land. • • The Aztecs were a little different. They were serfs; or agricultural laborers; and mercenaries. Powerful aristocrats selected new rulers from male members of the ruling ancestors.
"As the object of the Spartans was to increase the number of lots of land for their citizens, many of the conquered Messenians (those who did not manage to leave the area) were reduced to the condition of Helots. Servitude was hard, though their plight might have been harder, for they paid to their lords only one-half of the produce of the lands which they tilled.” (Bury and Meiggs, “A History of Greece” 4th edition) The Athenians, however, developed the first true democracy. “ Assembly was the regular gathering of male Athenian citizens (women also enjoyed the status of “citizen,” but without political rights) to listen to, discuss, and vote on decrees that affected every aspect of Athenian life, both public and private, from financial matters to religious ones, from public festivals to war, from treaties with foreign powers to regulations governing ferry boats.” (Christopher W.
Europeans conquered America and then brought slaves from Africa and made their own benefits. They started a new political system named democracy, which is a good name to cover Plutocracy and deceiving common people by the word freedom, to reinforce their social power and positions. As this democracy, which was made by the elites, went on, the elites have conquered other parts of the world through war which seemed legitimate by democracy. Moreover, they have continued slavery that changed into the form of labor. American history has been continued by contradictions which are mixed by slavery, conquest, democracy, and freedom.
Some family-based immigrants may be highly educated or skilled, but the vast majority of admissions are made without regard for those criteria. The immigrant population reflects the system's lack of emphasis on skill. Nearly 31 percent of foreign-born residents over the age of 25 are without a high school diploma, compared to just 10 percent of native-born citizens. Immigrants trail natives in rates of college attendance, associate's degrees, and bachelor's degrees, but earn advanced degrees at a slightly higher rate (10.9 percent, compared to 10.4 percent for natives). Illegal immigrants are the least-educated group, with nearly 75 percent having at most a high school education.
The Columbian Exchange The term Columbian Exchange refers to the transfer of peoples, animals, plants, and diseases between the New and Old Worlds. Old World diseases that entered the Americas with the European immigrants and African slaves devastated indigenous populations. These dramatic population changes weakened native peoples’ capacity for resistance and facilitated the transfer of plants, animals, and related technologies. I. Demographic Changes o Because of their long isolation from other continents, the peoples of the New World lacked immunity to diseases introduced from the Old World. As a result, death rates among Amerindian peoples during the epidemics of the early colonial period were very high.
Racial and Ethnic Inequality * Explain the following statement: Race is a social construction. Race defined by Macionis (2010) as “a socially constructed category of people who share the biologically transmitted traits that a society defines as important” (pg. 56) has been used to rank members of society in hierarchies usually with the person doing the ranking at the top and persons considered in a different race or ethnicity below them. Societies have been defining races for decades using those groupings as a source of power. These groupings often translate into economic and social exploitation and sometimes genocidal policies, such as the cases in Rowanda, Darfur and as described by Macionis (2010) in Germany “Adolf Hitler and his