Mexico Racial Composition

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1) Discuss the racial composition (racial groups) of Colonial Latin America. The racial dynamics of colonial Latin America first began many centuries ago when new colonies were first discovered and wars were being fought for the power of ownership. The racial group’s origin was tabulated by “Racial Definition”. For instance: A person of mixed white descent especially Spanish and Portuguese were called Mestizo, and Amerindian descent was a person of American Indian descent. A white person was considered European descent. The Black person was a African descent, and Mulatto person of mixed white and black descent, and the last was a Zambo person of mixed black and American Indian descent. The ratio of men to women was greater which led to race…show more content…
It defined what Mexico was as a society.r Poverty persisted among the vast majority of the population. Mexico’s social structure had a direct effect from the wars. In the late 1820’s the New Government issued a decree expelling all Spaniards from Mexico, which deprived Mexico economy of an important source of capital. The central foundation of economic activity in Colonial Latin America was Indian labor. Wars, diseases, and the acquisition of status led to the mixing of races. Poverty persisted among the vast majority of the population, especially in the center, and the south. Mexico had a classic peasantry large mass of campesinos or country people who worked out meager livings from the land. 2) Discuss the Spanish goals, policies, and administration of the colonies of Latin America. The main goals for the Spanish colonies in Latin America is to establish religious freedom and to the formation of Independent countries. Spain’s government tried hard to govern the New World using a system of viceroyalties and audiencias, royal courts of appeals. The Spanish monarchy was able to exercise control over Spanish settlers. The crown was entitled to one-fifth of all mining profits and this huge income helped Spain to become the largest and most powerful empire in Europe by the…show more content…
Viceroys were notorious for applying orders with discretion; using the maxim "I obey but do not comply." In addition, viceroys and audiencias were in conflict most of the time, with the latter not responsible to the viceroy but reporting directly to the crown. 3) Discuss some of the “independence movements” in Latin America. The class system was very important in Latin America. It determined a peoples place in society. Many countries lived by this system for many hundreds of years. The Spanish colonies in Latin America were no different. In the Latin American colonies, individuals that were born in Spain and then moved to the Americas were in the highest class. Spaniards only made up two percent of the population, but had most of the power and ran the government. They were a very powerful group. Creoles were next in line. They were individuals that were born in the Americas, but had parents or ancestors that had been born in Spain. Even though Creoles were not mixed with another race they had less power than the Spaniards and could not hold government office. Theywere eighteen percent of the population. Thirty percent of the population was made up of Mestizos. They were part Indian
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