Mexican And Cuban Immigration

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Mexicans and Cubans have different history of immigration. The first Mexicans who were part of the U.S. never immigrated. Spanish-speaking people existed in the Western Hemisphere since the first Conquest of Cortes in the early 16th century and for300 years Spain governed Mexico as a colony. Mestizos were the majority in Mexico in lie of Spanish rule; they are the people of both Spanish and indigenous heritage. In 1821 Mexicans won their independence from Spain. In 1846 the Mexican- American War broke out after the U.S. annexed Texas in 1845. In 1848 Mexico lost the war and signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in it Mexico ceded parts of Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, Wyoming, as well as all of California, Nevada, and Utah. The remaining…show more content…
The ratified treaty eliminated the most important sections; Article X which stated that the U.S. government would honor and guarantee all land grants awarded in lands ceded to the United States to citizens of Spain and Mexico by those respective governments; Article VII which gave the choice of becoming a U.S. citizen or remaining a Mexican citizen to the people who remained more than a year in the ceded land and changed Article IX to state that Mexican citizens would "be admitted at the proper time (to be judged of by the Congress of the United States)" instead of "admitted as soon as possible". Mexican immigration came in three waves; in the early part of the 1900’s the Mexican revolution along with a promising economy in the U.S. caused in increase in immigration rates, however because of an open…show more content…
The Cuban Revolutionaries who over threw the current rulers allied themselves with The Soviet Union; because this was during the Cold-War. The U.S. and Cuba immediately became enemies. The fleeing Cubans were the wealthiest and most affluent professionals and members of the Batista regime who feared retribution from the new government. More than 200,000 left Cuba for the U.S. by 1962, when air flights between the two countries were suspended. A second emigration occurred between 1965 and 1973 when flights were allowed an additional 300,000 Cubans came to settle in the U.S. this group was labeled Varaderos or the dry-docs. (LOC.gov) The philosophy of the enemy of my enemy caused these two groups to be Welcomed into the U.S. with open arms. The U.S. provided as much help as these two groups needed from medical to financial aids to settle this is what leads to the disparity between the first two groups who are mulato or white Cubans and the Third emigrants the Marieltos or the black Cubans. In 1980 the city of Mariel was opened so any Cuban who wanted to leave for the United States could; from 1980 to the present tens of thousands risk their life in homemade boats, floating tubes or whatever can float to make the 90 mile trip to the U.S. shore. These emigrants are unfortunately turned away and sent back to

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