These individuals will allow different police organizations to make decisions that are more organized and decisions based on evidence rather than the normal guesswork. (Grant and Terry, pp. 508, 2008) Crime analysis will also help in deciding future criminal activity, the supporting of the officers who are on patrol, and investigators upon making decisions. (Grant and Terry, pp. 508, 2008) There are three areas in crime analysis that will help our police force in the future.
If you were a juror, what would you say to the other jurors about the reliability of eyewitness testimony? One of the ways is to try and do maintenance rehearsal of the images you saw. If you can keep repeating the images of the crime over and over it should get stored longer. You can also try chunking information about the crime that you think would be important to the police. Also since seeing a crime it could be considered a major event and should get stored in the episodic memory of the long term memory.
Step 1: Answer the following questions for review 1. What is the role of criminological research in theory building? By definition criminology is a profession built around the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior, including their forms, causes, legal aspects, and control. Put all these considerations together to get possible solutions to the problem of crime. 2.
When discussing research methods in the criminal-justice system, a vital role has to be acted out by the researcher. Researchers should know that without the ability to conduct effective research, there would be problems in some areas of the justice system. Another area of research is the terminology that is used among law enforcement, doctors, etc. Terminology is important when being used during any type of study within the criminal-justice system. This paper will cover some of the terminology researchers may use on a daily basis and what methods could be applied to the Criminal Justice System.
THE CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION PROCESS Assess the effectiveness of the criminal investigation process as a means of achieving justice. Within the criminal investigation process one will analyse how evidence such as DNA and increasing police powers affects the offender, victim and society differently. Over time the rise of new law creates different problems which must be considered in the criminal investigation process. It is important to consider how different elements of the criminal investigation process such as technological evidence, police powers, search and seizure and bail. Ultimately at times the criminal investigation process strives to achieve justice for all parties involved but may adversely affect one party differently.
Different sociologists have presented different theories and concepts to explain what drives a person to commit a crime, and research and statistics give us an idea of the type of crimes committed and the places that they’re most likely to occur. However, these statistics can prove to be misleading as not all crime is reported to or recorded by the police. This can be referred to as the ‘hidden figure’, and it differentiates between the official crime rate and the real rate. Despite this, they do prove to be worthwhile in the fact that they display trends and patterns of crime. Sociologists use three different methods to measure crime; each method provides us with particular information and as in all systems of data collecting, there are strengths and weaknesses to the method.
Pressure to solve the crime from both inside and outside the police agency creates added strain on the criminal investigator (McGraw-Hill, 2002). In Unit 2, we discussed the crime scene. We discuss the discovery of evidence, preservation of evidence, collection of evidence, and transmission of evidence. We also learned about other crime scene tools such as screwdrivers, weapons, arson tools, etc. The purpose of the search is when an investigator has found
Conclusion Prosecutors, defense attorneys, criminals, and victims are placed together to deal with a given crime. Victimization concerns each position in different ways and must be individually considered. The goals of sentencing differ somewhat between each position. Alternative sanctions are often recognized when a criminal offender is sentenced. Ongoing assessments of victims' rights and the continousl improvement of such are imperative.
Investigating unsolved inci dents is an important task and still must be done, but criminal investigators should respond system atically to recurring crimes arising from the same problem. In order for criminal investigators to be more efficient and effective, they must gather infor mation about incidents and design an appropriate response based on the nature of the underlying conditions that cause the problem(s). A data-driven analytic approach, led and supported by investiga tors, would best position police
First I would like to start by giving a brief definition of what or better said – how, criminology differs from victimology. Criminology is more concerned with the origin of crime along the extent and nature of crime. Criminology places an emphasis on studying the offender, the crimes, and the motives behind the crime. It is also the study of how the public and criminal justice system responds to the offender. Victimology plays a very important role in criminology and is used to determine what the victim’s behavior has to do with their risk of being victimized.