Methods of Frameworks

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Question no. 1

Define two different methods or frameworks (NOT tools) commonly used to collect health assessment data.
Self-care Framework
"Orem's model focuses on each individual's ability to perform self-care, defined as 'the practice of activities that individuals initiate and perform on their own behalf in maintaining life, health, and well-being.'" (Polit & Henderson p.103). The vital principle of the model is that person can take responsibility for their health and the health of others.
Nurses are encouraged to rate their patient's dependencies or each of the self-care deficits on the following scale: A person's self-care deficits are a result of the compensatory system, in which the nurse provides total care; the partial compensatory system, in which the nurse and the patients share responsibilities for care; and the educative-development system, in which the patient has the primary responsibility for personal health, with the nurse acting as a consultant (Orem, 2005).
The Roper, Logan and Tierney model
The second method was, The Roper, Logan, Tierney model. This was selected as methods because it focuses on holistic care and base on the idea of health rather than illness and disease. It focuses on the patient as an individual and his relationship with the five components of the model. The model of nursing developed 12 activities of daily living which are related to basic human needs. They are maintaining a safe environment, communicating, breathing, eating and drinking, eliminating, personal hygiene, controlling body temperature, mobilising, working and playing, expressing sexuality, sleeping and dying. (Roper, Logan& Tierney2000).
In order to use the model effectively the nurses must have an understanding of the five key factors (Biological, Psychological, Sociocultural, Environmental and Politico economic) that influence the activities of living
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