Mesopotamia Egypt Compare Contrast Essay

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A complex society is defined by its development into a thriving civilization however great or small. Two of the earliest complex societies were Egypt and Mesopotamia. Both societies had rich cultures, and were largely responsible for the development of the eastern world. Having developed during the same time periods both societies share many political, technological, social, and economic similarities. However they also share a number of differences because they developed in different regions with different natural influences. Egypt and Mesopotamia were both governed by god-kings. The idea of a god-king was common in early complex societies. A king established his rule by a divine right bestowed upon him by the gods of his people. Mesopotamia was broken into thirty-five separate city-states and “The ruler of each city-state claimed to rule with the support of the local guardian deity…” (Hansen and Curtis 36). Egypt was never broken into separate city-states like Mesopotamia. Egypt had one king, a pharaoh, who governed over the entire Egyptian empire. After a time Mesopotamia did come under the single rule of Sargon of Akkad in 2334 B.C.E.. Sargon established Akkadian as the language of Mesopotamia, while Sumerian was reserved for religious texts. Prior to Sargon’s rule the city-states of Mesopotamia had continuous wars as well as trading going on between the city-states. When Sargon’s empire fell Hammurabi, the leader of the small city-state Babylon, took his place at the head of the Mesopotamian Empire. Hammurabi was best known for his laws, a set of rules carved on a large stone slab that “…contained nearly three hundred articles on a host of topics, including the treatment of slaves, divorce, criminal punishments, and interest rates on loans” (Hansen and Curtis 37). Hammurabi’s laws did recognize the rights
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