Mesopatamia Essay

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Throughout history, great civilizations have existed in various parts of the world. Two ancient civilizations are the Nile River Valley and the Mesopotamia. Some examples of cultural and intellectual achievement made by Mesopotamia were the cuneiforms and Hammurabi's Code. Some examples of the Nile River Valley’s cultural and intellectual achievement were hieroglyphics and pyramids. These contributions have had lasting importance in global history. One ancient civilization is Mesopotamia. Some major achievements were Hammurabi's Code, cuneiform and the wheel. The Hammurabi’s code is a legal code of the 18th century B.C or earlier, instituted by Hammurabi and dealing with criminal and civil matters, it was important because it was the first state law that was written and because it brought justice and fairness to the Mesopotamians. Cuneiform is the first written language, it was used to write things down in ancient Sumerian court. Cuneiform was important because it could be used for the study of various aspects of history. The wheel is a circular object that revolves on an axle that was thought of because of the pottery wheel it is important because people could now use wheels on a cart to carry heavy loads. Another ancient civilization is the Nile River Valley Civilization. Some major achievements were hieroglyphics and pyramids. Hieroglyphics is system of writing, in which pictorial symbols are used to represent meaning or sounds or a combination of meaning and sound. Hieroglyphics is important because it was the first form of writing which was common or wide spread; it enabled a larger number of people to communicate with one another. It allowed for the Kings Laws and rule to be documented in a way that others could read and share. Hieroglyphs are important since it is believed to be one of the oldest forms of writing in the world, similar to cuneiform that

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