Mental Illness: The Biological Approach

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Sarah Dunkerley Mental Health essay There is a wide variety of Mental illnesses, most commonly Schizophrenia, manic depression, Bi-polar and Alzheimer’s. Mental illness is a disorder that disrupts a persons thinking, feeling, moods and the ability to relate to others, it can become so severe that the person cannot cope with everyday activities and can sadly lead to deep depression or even suicide. Mental illnesses can affect absolutely anyone at any age, race, religion and class. With the medicines and treatments of today some mental illnesses you can recover from but it is not easy and it can be a long process. Some treatments include medication treatment, psychosocial treatment such as cognitive behavioural therapy and rational…show more content…
The biological (medical) approach believes that ill health arises from biological and physical causes, so the main aim of this approach is to assess the client, distinguish the illness and make the right use of medicines and modern health care systems to diagnose and treat the physical symptoms. This approach is very modern and depends on the right medication to reduce the symptoms of the client and hopefully in time reduce the medication, services and strategies used to ‘curb’ the illness and hopefully send the client into remission. This approach is widely promoted and popular because it is seen that drugs are the best treatment in use today. Drugs like Anti- depressant that lifts the mood, Anti-psychotic drugs like chlorpromazine, to turn off the ‘voices’ and psychotherapeutic medication that can help the client function better with the illness are popular for most cases but medication is not the right way to help every single case of mental illness, side effects do occur such as drowsiness, decrease in sexual interest, restlessness and pacing and a slow down in movement and speech (WebMD 2005) but do state these are mild and will disappear after a few weeks of…show more content…
Psychodynamic methods are only effective on certain patients whereas drug treatment corrects the chemical balance in the brain and will become effective on almost every patient with the right usage of drugs. Counselling is a very good way of relieving the patient of their inner troubled emotions and to over come the illness but is not as reliant as the medical approach, drugs are widely used today for mental illness sufferers and shows that it is effective and a quicker solution than the analysis of dreams. Sigmund Freud’s methods were to be effective but only in a small degree and it could not be certain that that patient was completely ‘cured’ from their illness, drugs were much more reliable for patients and easier for them to be accepted into society once more helping them mould back into normality like they had once
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