Mental Essay

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MENTAL RETARDATION Mental retardation (say: ree-tar-day-shun) is a term that was once commonly used to describe someone who learns and develops more slowly than other kids. But it's not used as much anymore because it hurts people's feelings. Instead, you might hear terms like "intellectual disability" or "developmental delay." But all these words mean basically the same thing. Someone who has this kind of problem will have trouble learning and functioning in everyday life. This person could be 10 years old, but might not talk or write as well as a typical 10-year-old. He or she also is usually slower to learn other skills, like how to get dressed or how to act around other people HOW TO IDENTIFY MENTAL RETARDATION A mentally retarded person is supposed to have an IQ below average 70. Such a person will have problems with communicating with others and learning certain or all skills necessary for a normal daily living. ASSESSMENT OF CHILDREN WITH MENTAL RETARDATION * Bayley Scales of Infant Development * Differential Ability Scales (DAS) * Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised (WPPSI-R) * Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III (WISC-III) * Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised (WAIS-R) * Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale 4th Ed. * McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities Bayley Scales of Infant Development: The Bayley Scales of Infant Development measure mental and physical, as well as emotional and social, development. The test, which takes approximately 45 minutes, is administered individually by having the child respond to a series of stimuli. The Mental Scales, which measure intellectual development, assess functions such as memory, learning, problem-solving ability, and verbal communication skills. The Motor Scales evaluate the child's ability to sit and stand, perform other activities

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