Memory Recall Experiment and Report

2300 WordsJun 12, 201510 Pages
30th May 2014 Psychology Unit 3: Short Term Memory Recall Report Student: Mary Adkins Table of Contents Introduction..................................Page 2 - 3 Method.........................................Page 4 Results...........................................Page 5 - 6 Discussion & Evaluation................Page 6 - 7 References.....................................Page 8 Appendix Introduction Not until the late 1950s did the cognitive approach begin to revolutionize psychology, it went on to become the more dominant approach by the late 1970’s. This advance was due to the introduction of the computer, a device which gave psychologists a metaphor and a new set of terminology to aid the explanation of how our minds process and store information (as seen in picture below). As cognitive research is a predominately conducted within laboratory conditions the scientific accuracy of experiments can be seen as empirical and trustworthy. However despite being seen as a strength the scientific nature produces a lack of ecological validity. (McLeod2007) Multi Store Model of Memory (MSM) Atkinson and Shiffrin 1968 (McLeod 2007) (Orey, M 2012) Advances in medical science and psychological research have showed a strong indication that our brains have two memory stores; long-term (LTM) and short-term (STM). In the above model by Atkinson and Shiffin you can see the sequence of memory store with the required element for LTM being rehearsal. STM is not rehearsed; it is a limited capacity store of approximately six or seven items. George Millar (1956) defines an item as a ‘chunk’; each chunk consists of a familiar unit of information based on previous learning. (Eysenck 2002) E.g. BBC is 1 chunk but British Broadcasting Company is 3 chunks. In 1959 Peterson and Peterson

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