A girl could like boy toys more, where a boy could like girl toys. This is a never ending cycle but it does raise worry on parents when they see that their child wants to play with something like a toy gun that pops smoke or a tow sword which promotes only aggression and violence. Whereas girl toys in commercials show Ponies, barbies or jewelry making. These show skills on how to share and gain a social behavior skills. But for boys they have commercials of hot rods on a track which crash, or bad guys being tossed into a Lego prison.
The first thing I noticed in the toy section of target is the separation of toys. How I first noticed the separation was not by the type of toys but the color of the wall the toys were being hung from. For the toys that were meant for boys the color of the walls were blue and for the girls, pink. There were also some sections of yellow which held toys that were mostly made for children under the age of three. While observing the toys that were targeted toward young boys I noticed a trend.
Several studies were conducted by Linda Babcock to prove that the thesis she included was correct. “To explore this question, Linda conducted a study that looked at the starting salaries...looked exclusively at gender, the difference was fairly large.” (Linda Babcock, Sara Laschever, Women Don’t Ask). Linda’s studies proved that when comparing male and female salaries, the difference was significant, specifically, male salaries were
(Berger, 2009, p.296) 18) Does this child exhibit externalizing problems? (Berger, 2009, p.293) 19) Does this child believe that toys are gender related? ( Dolls for girls, trucks for boys)(Berger, 2009, p. 311) 20) What type of disciplinary technique is used with this child? Does the parents believe it is effective? (Berber, 2009, p. 307) 21) Does this
I would bet that all of us can remember a time as young children when we were told leave something alone because it was ‘dirty and ugly’. Quoting Ramsey, et al; “For example, in a seminal study, Dion (1973) found that 3- to 6-year-olds believe that attractive children are friendly, do not like to fight or shout, and will not hit another child even if that child hits first. Conversely, children believe that unattractive children scare other children and will hit and hurt other children without good reason. In addition, young children prefer attractive children as friends, like them more, and consider them to be smarter, more pro-social, and less antisocial relative to unattractive children (Dion, 1973; Langlois & Stephan, 1977).” This is why as Marley grew to a young man, he would have sought out friends and acquaintances that he found beautiful. At the University of Texas, further research by Langlois, et al, in the interaction of beauty in the life of humans has shown that humans seek beauty, but left as many questions unanswered as it answered, extolling the need for further studies.
Boys will get the dinosaur pajamas while girls get the princess pattern. When they can’t even talk yet they are still told different things. Boys might be told how tough he is when he throws a ball and a girl can be cute she when she plays with her doll. This is how gender roles and actions are instilled and almost forced on most children. If they have male plumbing they are treated one way and just the opposite for a girl.
In order to build background knowledge to audiences, Michael Cramphorn first introduce how the gender different in psychological aspect. Michael highly supported Simon Baron-Cohen’s idea, which is about “Gender Different in brain” (Cramphron 148). He is a psychopathologist of University of Cambridge, and he indicated that different structure of brain between male and female result in primarily different personality and reaction of life. Even though Michael is not professional in this field, his objective and informative tone is persuasive for our readers to understand and believe the gender difference has existed when we at birth. For example, Michael indicated that “Gender difference caused by chromosome.
Raleigh et al (1991) found that if serotonin levels were reduced by altering their diet, there was an increase in aggressive behaviour whereas an increase in serotonin levels resulted in a decrease in aggressive behaviour suggesting the difference in aggression was due to the serotonin levels. Other research demonstrating the link between low levels of serotonin and aggression was done by Bond (2005). He found that antidepressants which increase serotonin levels reduced irritability and impulsive aggression. The link between dopamine and aggressive behaviour is not as well established. However, increased levels of dopamine stimulated by amphetamines have shown an increase in aggression whereas antipsychotic drugs that reduce dopamine levels have been shown to reduce violent behaviour (Lavine and Buitelaar).
Money predicted that if you are mislabelled at birth and subjected to inappropriate labels and treatment before the age of three, then the infant would then acquire the identity of the gender that they were labelled. Support comes from the case study of David Reimer who was born a boy but after circumcision went wrong he was raised as a girl until his early teens. Doctor Money reported that David assumed the role of Brenda and adopted a female gender identity. However, the reality is that David never truly assumed the female identity, wanting to play with boy’s toys and being referred to as ‘cave man’ at school due to masculine tendencies. As soon as he found out he was a boy he instantly acquired that gender and went on to live as a boy at the age of 14, implying that biology is the overwhelming factor.
Stories about princesses are read to little girls, while stories of dragons and swords are read to little boys. This socialization of gender roles is reinforced through the family, media and education system. Children in the Hispanic culture learn at a very young age that there are differences between boys and girls. This idea permeates daily life and is encouraged b parents, peers, school, and the media. Little girls learn that they are supposed to like dolls and pink, while little boys learn that they are supposed to like trucks and the color blue.