Meditation in K-12 Cirriculum

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Presentation Meditation in schools Outline I. Introduction a. Audience hook: “One of the primary ironies of modern education is that we ask students to ‘pay attention’ dozens of times a day, yet we never teach them how” (Saltzman, 2011) b. Thesis statement: Research suggests that implementing meditation into K-12 curriculum is beneficial because it boosts test scores, increases attention, decreases suspensions, and reduces aggression. ( Schonert-Reichl and Lawlor 2010) c. Preview of main points: i. Using meditation with students during the school day has been shown to increase attention and boost test scores. ii. Meditation in schools has been shown to cut suspension rates and reduce aggression in students. II. Increasing test scores: a. Meditation increases working memory and improves cognitive abilities. This contributes to higher test scores in students who meditate (Science Daily, 2013). i. Meditation has been shown to improve concentration and also results in positive changes to the brain structure. (Mental Health foundation, 2011) b. Meditation decreases stress and increases attention skills, which in turn increases academic functioning. (Schonert-Reichl and Lawlor, 2010) i. In Arizona, a study with first, second and third graders showed that meditation improved attention skills and decreased stress. (Schonert-Reichl and Lawlor, 2010) ii. In a study of secondary school students in the U.K., teachers reported improvement in academics, along with a decrease of anxiety in their students who had undergone meditation daily for six weeks. (Semple, R.J., Reid, E.F.G, and Miller 2005) iii. At Visitacion Valley Middle School in California, the school has seen a half point increase overall in their students’ grades since implementing meditation. (Edutopia, 2013) III. Reducing suspensions and aggression:

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