Medieval Essay

2282 WordsJun 29, 201410 Pages
Traveller/Historian | In times of | Remarks | Al-Masudi | Pratiharas | | Sulaiman | Palas | Mid 9th century. Writes about the Pala empire | Marco Polo | Chola | | Ralph Fitch | 16th century | | Medieval India * AD 750 onwards Eighth to 10th Century (Age of three empires in North India) * Pala –East * Pratihara – West and Upper Gangetic Valley * Rashtrakuta – Deccan * Rashtrakutas lasted the longest For a long time, Kanauj was considered the symbol of political unity of India (like Delhi was later) Palas * Founder: Gopala * Gopala – Dharmapala - Devpala * Dhramapala * defeated by Rashtrakuta ruler Dhruva * revived Nalanda Univ * founded Vikramsila Univ * Buddhism developed * relations with Tibet and SE Asia Pratiharas * Founder: Bhoja * Bhoja – Mahendrapala I - Mahipala * Bhoja (aka Adivaraha) * Capital at Kanauj * Mahipala * Sankrit poet and dramatist Rajashekhar lived at his court * Hostility with Arab and Sindh Rashtrakutas * Founder: Dantidurga * Dantidurga – - Govinda III – Amoghvarsha (Jain) - - Indra III – Vallabhraja – Krishna III * Capital: Malkhed near Sholapur * Amoghvarsha * Wrote the first Kannada book on Poetics * Capital: Manyakhet * Indra III – most powerful ruler of his time * Krishna I built Shiva temple at Ellora * Apbhransha poet: Svayambhu * Princess Chandrobalabbe (daughter of Amoghavarsha) administered Raichur Chola Empire (9th-12th Century) * Founder: Vijayalaya (feudatory of Pallavas) * Greatest rulers: Rajaraja – Rajendra I * Capital: Tanjaur * Built temples: Brihadeshwara temple (Shiva): 1010 AD – Rajaraja * Rajendra I * Gangaikondachola * Capital: Gangaikondacholapuram (near Kaveri mouth) * Naval expedition against Sri Vijaya empire

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