Medicinal Plants Essay

47120 Words189 Pages
Report of the Task Force on Conservation & Sustainable use of Medicinal Plants Government of India Planning Commission March - 2000 1 PREFACE Human life and knowledge of preserving it as a going concern, must have come into being almost simultaneously. All known cultures of the past - Egyptian, Babylonian, Jewiah, Chinese, Indus-valley etc. had their own glorious and useful systems of medicine and health care. According to the ancient books of knowledge, health is considered as a prerequisite for achieving the supreme ends of Me consisting of righteousness, wealth, artistic values and spiritual freedom Preventive and curative aspects of disease are considered as important components of the concept of positive health The Indian System of Medians, viz Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homeopathic system predominantly use plant baaed raw materials m moat of their preparations and formulations Modem pharmacopoeia also contain at least 25% drugs derived from plants and many other which are synthetic analogues bum on prototype compounds isolated from plants. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimated that 80% of the population of developing countries rely on traditional medicine mostly plant drugs, for their primary health care needs Medicinal plants being natural, non-narcotic, having no side elect of ay a range of safe, cost effective, preventive and curative therapies which could be useful in achieving the goal of "Health for all" in a coat effective manner. Demand for medicinal plants is increasing m both developing and developed countries but 90% malarial la harvested from wild sources without applying scientific management hence many species are under threat to become extinct. Medicinal plants occupied an important position in the socio-cultural, spiritual and medicinal arena of rural people of India. Their sustainable management and harvesting can
Open Document