Medicinal Effects of Panax Ginseng Essay

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A review of the efficacy of the psychological and medicinal effectiveness of Panax ginseng Unit: BIOQ121 Foundations of Critical Enquiry Assignment Part C. Scientific Evidence Word Count: 914 A review of the efficacy of the psychological and medicinal effectiveness of Panax ginseng This literature review compiles and evaluates scientific evidence for the psychological and medicinal effectiveness of Panax ginseng.(Korean ginseng). Ginseng has played an important role in eastern Asia for thousands of years. With thousands of herbs recorded for use in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Panax Ginseng is considered the ‘king’ of all Chinese herbs. Regarded as a general panacea and health tonic, anti stress agent as well as a potent restorative. (Reid, 1995,p.126) Ginseng has been recorded in writings as far back as the Han Dynasty 202BC where the Chinese were aware of ginseng’s medicinal usage. (TCM history Han Dynasty, 2013) The herb is native to North East China, Manchuria, Korea and Siberia. (Reid 1995 p.126) The Chinese name for ginseng translates to ‘ren-shen’ meaning ‘man-root’ as the root itself resembles the legs of a man. (Heffron 2012 p.67) Panax ginseng is one of the most commonly used and highly researched species of ginseng. 3 scientific studies were found that studied the psychological effectiveness of ginseng. In the first study of 112 healthy volunteers older than 40 years, the administration of 400 mg per day of the standardized ginseng product ‘Gerimax’ for eight weeks resulted in better and faster simple reactions and abstract thinking, but no change in concentration, memory, or subjective experience. (Kiefer & Pantuso, 2003, p1539) This trial on various psychologic parameters has shown positive effects on reaction and abstract thinking, however no effect in concentration or

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