Medication Management Essay

3530 WordsNov 14, 201415 Pages
1. Medication groups and their use 1. Antibiotics They are used to treat bacterial infections, some can be used to treat a wide range of infections (broad spectrum antibiotics) and some only in specific infections (narrow spectrum antibiotics). 2. Analgesics They are used to relieve pain, to control pain and/or might help to reduce temperature 3. Antihistamines They are used to treat allergic reactions caused by other medicines, insects, stings, toiletries etc. 4.Antacids They are used to treat symptoms of indigestion and discomfort associated with it i.e. heartburn, bloating etc. 5.Anticoagulatns They are sued to prevent forming blood clots which can lead to heart attack, stroke, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism etc. 6. Psychotropic medicines They are used to treat, mental illness i.e. schizophrenia, depression, anxiety etc. by controlling symptoms of the disease. Psychotropic medicines do not cure mental illnesses but work by alleviating symptoms of mental illness. 7. Diuretics They are used to maintain optimum fluids retention in the body by, for example, removing excess water (fluids). 8. Laxatives They help with constipation by stimulating bowel muscles or/and softening the content of the bowel. Therefore they are used to relieve constipation and clear the bowel. 9. Hormones They are used to regulate natural bodily functions which were disrupted by factors such as illness , ageing, certain health conditions , stress etc. 10. Cytotoxic medicines They are used in treating some types of cancer. Very aggressive drugs which along with killing cancer cells , will also damage healthy cells. 2. Routes of administration Oral Oral route of administration means , that medicines are given by mouth and absorbed whilst in the stomach or bowel. Oral types of medicines have often form of tablets, capsules, liquids, dispersible tablets

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