Although in medical references authors consider the Egyptians as outstanding physicians and attentive embalmers they have not received much of public recognition. It was not until the 20th century, when historians translated the medical papyri written by ancient physicians, that Egypt's vast anatomical findings publically known. Having developed a system of writing, enabled ancient Egyptians chronicled a tremendous amount of their knowledge and experience on papyrus. The papyri that have depicted what ancient Egypt knew about anatomy were the Edwin Smith papyrus (1700 B.C.) and the George Ebers papyrus (1500 B.C.).
The Renaissance is famous for discoveries in science, geography and art. There were also breakthroughs in medicine but, by 1700, people were no healthier than in the Middle Ages. However it was still a very important period in medical history as it led to new and exciting discoveries about the human body that would help in the future. Some famous people from the Renaissance were; Leonardo da Vinci (taught young artists how to draw and drew very detailed sketches of the human body, however, he never published his work), Johannes Gutenburg (invented the printing press in the 1450’s), Andreas Vesalius (made new discoveries about the anatomy of the human body), William Harvey (discovered that blood circulates around the body) and Ambroise Pare (pioneered new surgical methods for treating gunshot wounds and stopping bleeding). The Renaissance is an important period because of discoveries about anatomy thanks to Andreas Vesalius.
As is the case for most modern day scientific advances, as they found their beginning in Egypt and Mesopotamia over five thousand years ago. The remains of palaces and the pyramids show the engineering skills of these ancients. Besides these engineering skills, Egyptians devised ways of measurement which allowed each Egyptian to get his own land back following the seasonal flooding of the Nile River. The early Egyptians also had a good working knowledge of chemistry which was exhibited as they prepared metals, made wine, paints, perfumes, and cosmetics. Also, the ancient Greeks were credited with many developments that have led to modern day sciences.
Introduction EGYPTIAN CULTURE Outline Introduction : Basics of Egyptian Culture Ancient Egyptian : Its importance in the forming the modern day culture Religion Believes and Values Egyptology Economics Conclusion Egyptian Culture Introduction The Culture of Egypt is one of the most ancient cultures and has five thousand years of history . It can be said that it is one of the richest cultures of the world as ancient Egypt was among the earliest civilizations . Egyptian culture is known to have a significant influence on other cultures such as Europe , the Middle East and Africa . However , soon after the Pharaonic era , Egypt came under the influence of Hellenism , then Christianity , and later , Arab and Islamic culture . Modern Egypt continues to have the ancient Egypt 's culture including the influence of modern Western culture , itself with roots in Ancient Egypt (Wikipedia n .pag , 2007 .
Military conquests brought Islamic scholars into contact with the Greek language and ideas. Islamic rulers and traders became very wealthy and powerful. Between the eighth and eleventh centuries, hundreds of Greek texts were translated into Arabic, these texts included medical scripts. This gave Islamic scholars a basis for medicine that was not distinct from European medicine. Before the Translation movement, Islamic
The Asclepius and Asclepion have both fallen underneath the category of Religion. Religion not only has helped through the Greek times, but also through the Egyptian times, and the Romans. The Romans and Greeks had a lot of similarities during their progress towards medicine. For example Religion. Both civilizations have had a lot and some people going to the Asclepion when needed with help.
The Hippocratic Oath (Ορκος) is perhaps the most widely known of Greek medical texts. It requires a new physician to swear upon a number of healing gods that he will uphold a number of professional ethical standards. One of the best known prohibitions is, "to do no harm" (επι δηλησει δε και αδικιηι ειρξειν) Little is known about who wrote it or first used it, but it appears to be more strongly influenced by th followers of Pythagoras than Hippocrates and is often estimated to have been written in the 4 century B.C.E. Over the centuries, it has been rewritten often in order to suit the values of different cultures influenced by Greek medicine. Contrary to popular belief, the Hippocratic Oath is not required by most modern medical schools.
Furthermore, the church set up universities where doctors could be trained from the 1100’s. The oldest medical school in Europe was founded in Salerno around 900. This demonstrates that religion assisted the medical evolution because this was the only organisation to provide training for doctors in Europe at
Arabs have made major contribution to the world. For instance, Ibn Khaldoun was the founder of the social sciences, Ibn Haytham made major contributions in the field of optics, and recently in 1988, Naguib Mahfouz, a piece of Egyptian literature, has won the Nobel Prize in literature. Furthermore, Dubai has attracted the worldwide attention after the Emirates Airline was named the number one Airline of the Year in both 2001 and in 2002. Saudi Aramco, the oil company of Saudi Arabia, is the largest oil
Ancient Egypt - Land of the River "All of Egypt is the gift of the Nile." It was the Greek historian Herodotus who made that observation. The remarkable benefits of the Nile are clear to everyone, but through history he was the first to talk about it and consider its fascination. Through history, the Nile played a major role in the building of civilizations. The first civilizations to appear in history started on a river valley or in a place where resources are numerous and example of these are in India where Indus river is found and Tigris where Euphrates is found and many other places (cradles of civilization).