The latest age-standardised relative survival for breast cancer in England during 2005-2009, shows that 95.8% of women are expected to survive their disease for at least one year, falling to 85.1% survival rate for five years or more. Genetic and lifestyle factors affect the risk of cancer and so the risk for every individual is different. Breast cancer is related to a number of exposures including tobacco, alcohol, infections, radiation, occupational exposures, and medications. Numerous studies have evaluated the risk associated with the use of oral contraceptives. It is also related with the lifestyle (diet, overweight and obesity, and physical exercise) Cancer can be related to genetics.
Height: 160.5 cm Mass: 59.4 kg Temperature: 36.7 0C Respirations: 13 per minute Blood Pressure: 118/76 mm Hg During her conversation with the doctor regarding her past medical history, Anita said that she had developed severe eczema about 5 years ago and mononucleosis the previous year. From April of the current year, she found that she felt fatigued quite often, frequently experienced diarrhea, myalgia and arthralgia. Her family doctor had referred her to an allergist who found negative reactions to a multitude of substances. Because her symptoms were so severe, more specific testing was done 2 months later. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed positive reactions to gluten, spelt, albumin, lactose, barley and rye.
According to the American Cancer Society, for all stages of pancreatic cancer combined, the one-year relative survival rate is 20%, and the five-year rate is 4%. These low survival rates are attributable to the fact that fewer than 20% of patients' tumors are confined to the pancreas at the time of diagnosis; in most cases, the malignancy has already progressed to the point where surgical removal is impossible. A tumor may grow in the pancreas without signs and symptoms being noticeable at first, which can lead to the cancer being further
Family Health History Patient states that grandparents on each side of her family passed away because of cancer. (see genogram on next page) Review of Systems General Symptoms – Patient complains of swollen/painful tongue and a rash on the inside of her thighs. Says pain in tongue is a 7 out of 10 when talking or eating. Integumentary – Patient describes skin as dry. Uses lotion and baby oil.
Cancer is cured from chemotherapy, radiation, and the removal of organs where that cancer is affecting. Cancer is something scientists have researched for years trying to find a cure and to find out more about the basic roots of this deadly illness. Shirley is a twenty-two year old woman who was diagnosed with a form of skin cancer called melanoma. Shirley was having bad coughing that hurt her lungs so she went to the doctor. The doctor found the cancer in multiple masses around the lung area.
| Question 15 of 40 A 65-year-old female is diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer, and she has developed muscle wasting. Which of the following substances is produced in large quantities to eliminate the tumor cells and cause muscle wasting? |[pic] |Interleukin-6 | |[pic] |Eosinophils | |[pic] |Tumor necrosis factor | |[pic] |Platelets | Question 16 of 40 Vaccines help to protect individuals against disease by inducing which of the following immune responses? |[pic] |Alloimmune | |[pic] |Passive immune | |[pic] |Primary immune | |[pic] |Secondary immune |
Stephanie Rallion Hypothyroid Disease (under active thyroid or myxedema (mucous swelling)) Patient Case Study Initial Presentation: Karen is a 29-year-old white female who was eight months pregnant at the onset of her illness. She is 5’2” and weighs 140 pounds. She has a son and daughter from a previous marriage. She also suffered from one miscarriage in the past. Today, Karen phones the PCP’s (Primary Care Physician) office and complains of a “sore throat and a temperature of 103.0 degrees.” She also describes what the nurse interprets to be mild uterine contractions (contraction
Opioid Administration and Pain Management in the Terminally Ill Cancer Patient: Case study of a patient in the terminal phase of breast cancer. This case study is based on Ms. D, a 48-year-old married woman diagnosed with Bilateral Breast Cancer. She underwent a bilateral mastectomy 4 years ago. Lymph involvement was noted at the time of the surgery. Recent metastases of the bone has been diagnosed and she is in the terminal phase of the disease process.
Casen Stevens Prof. Matthew Hyden English 099 Dec. 5, 2012 Alzheimer’s Disease: Test Early Alzheimer ’s disease currently affects one in eight people, which is over five million people in the United States (“Alzheimer’s Facts and Figures”). The disease is quickly becoming one of the six leading causes of the death (Alzheimer’s Facts and Figures). Unlike heart disease and cancer, there has been no real progress made in diagnosing Alzheimer’s diseases before it robs someone of their memories and takes control of their life. Annual breast cancer screenings are recommended when a woman turns forty. With Alzheimer’s disease, there are no recommended screens or test to determine if one is predestined to have the disease, even for those