Medea Euripides, Theme Of Power

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Medea, by Euripedes. The tragedy starts with Jason’s betrayal to Medea, his Barberian wife, who to revenge herself kills her own children and Glauce, new wife of Jason. In the Exodos, Jason returns to his old house in the attempt to save his boys, but he learns by the chorus that they are already dead, murdered by Medea. The scene pursues with Jason’s anger towards his ex-wife and her manifestation of pleasure in seeing his desperation is evident throughout the text. POWER : The theme of objective power – free of a subjective judgement from the reader- is largely developed throughout the Exodos. Indeed, Medea clearly appears to us as having the upper hand over Jason. Why is this? The effect is mainly due to the staging, as well as to the language (the diction, the syntax, the rhetoric). 1. The staging of the Exodos. The theme of power appears at the same time Medea enters the scène. This entry is extremely important: • Medea appears on a Chariot, dominating Jason by her position. She is therefore Superior to him in height, and this idea is emphasized by the fact that the Chariot is a divine present given to her by her Grandfather the Sun God. • In opposition, Jason is kneeling down and holding his head in his hands. He is literally crushed to the ground with despair, guilt; and by Medea’s superiority. • It is capital that Medea situates herself out of the House, which symbolises Medea’s desolation and sense of betrayal, and therefore undermines her feeling of power. As she is outside, she finds herself in a confident situation. • The final point to the staging of Greek is the masks: they portray the difference in the emotions. Whilst Medea’s mask must be of a stoic calm and superior confidence, Jason’s must be filled with hubris and terrified panic. 2. The subtleties of the language. Medea’s power does not only

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