Meaning of Counselling

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THE MEANING OF COUNSELLING Counselling means assisting and guiding clients, this is mainly done by a trained professional person. It occurs when a counsellor and a client set aside time in order to resolve some personal, social or psychological problems and difficulties a client might be going through. Counselling is not giving advice, judgement nor attempting to sort out problems of the client. It allows the client to talk openly in such a way that then can hardly talk to any of their family members or even friends. This means that there are no emotions, opinions and biases that can have an effect on the success of counselling. Counselling is concerned with addressing and resolving specific problems, making decisions, coping with challenges and working through inner feelings and conflict. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COUNSELLING AND HELPING Counselling focuses on helping people by using existing resources for coping with their lives better. This means that the counsellor listens more and is engaged in less informing and advising. Helpers perform different roles from those of counsellors. Counsellors are primarily responsible for conducting counselling to individuals, couples or families. Helpers normally use their skills in voluntary and peer support capacities. Helpers and trained differently from counsellors, counsellors are trained to counsel whereas helpers are trained to be social workers, nurses, welfare workers etc. The primary purpose of counselling is to help clients address psychological issues in their lives. Helping takes place in different relationships such as teacher-student, social worker-client, nurse or healthcare provider-patient etc. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COUNSELLING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY Counselling and psychotherapy are used to describe the similar processes. Both of them are used to overcome difficulties and working towards positive change in

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