Civil War, Reconstruction and Closing of the Frontier caused this new revolution (Why a second industrial revolution, s 3). All of these reasons gave Henry Ford big chance to achieve his aim, and with this new revolution Henry Ford’s star began to shine. Moreover, he was an absolutely progressive man. There are lots of indicators which displays he was a progressive man; however, three of them are more important than the others which are increasing the living standards of his workers, generating and attending peace ship and finding assembly line. Progressivism is a kind of reform movement which tries to increase society’s prosperity, bring to modernism, innovation and increase the social justice.
Secondly, the BEIC introduced a joint-stock ownership system, which catered for the Companies economic benefits and allowed them to reap in the rewards of such a mechanism as the joint-stock ownership. Thirdly, limited liability widened the “pool of capital”, from which investors and other interested parties could become involved. The BEIC was granted “royal charter” by the British state. This then encouraged the Company to monopolise on the trade with the East. In turn, this control and dominance lead to the power behind the BEIC.
The high support of the Zollverein clearly shows that Prussia was capable of leading the German unification cause. Prussia was lucky that Metternich was busy with other European affairs and so couldn’t stop the Prussian Customs Union from growing. With this luck; Prussia had gained economic unity, became a clear national leader and provided a good example of cooperation. More evidence which suggests that the Zollverein did contribute to the cause of unification before 1848 is that it showed itself as a prime example of cooperation between the states. By 1844, because of the Zollverein, the German Confederation had gained an economic union under the leadership of Prussia and for the first time saw the states working together.
How successful was Bismarck in his attempts to control the political parties in Germany in the years 1871-90? • Bismarck’s attempts to control political parties from 1871-90 was moderately successful since he often did manage to pass legislature on his own terms by securing an alliance with the National Liberals with the 1871 Kulturkampf and the Conservative with the 1879 Tariff Reforms. Though his repressive policies of Kulturkampf and the 1878 Anti-Socialist laws actually strengthened the political parties of Catholic Centre Party and the SPD, I believe that Bismarck did successfully maintain control by forming new alliances as a result you would serve to distinguish any burgeoning threats. Yes, Bismarck was successful during his liberal era of 1871-78 • Bismarck was initially successful in his alliance with the National Liberals since he capitalised upon the nationalist elements of their party. • This meant they often backed his proposals – e.g.
Germany experienced a period of political calm, economic development and social progress in the mid 1920’s. How far do you agree with this statement? Within the mid 1920’s Germany had experienced some political calm, economic development and social progress. This included the Dawes plan and the Young Plan which gave Germany loans from the USA and that the French and Belgians would withdraw from the Ruhr meaning that they gain more responsibility. Also, the increased level of production within Germany meant that the industry would grow, and the social welfare constitution proved that the public would have backing from the government with pensions and benefits.
Britain’s need for raw materials and markets to sell in which their goods is what motivated the imperialism of India. British imperialism was beneficial to the Indians because it provided peace for India, developed new infrastructure, and improved their standard of living. First off, British Imperialism was beneficial to Indians because it provided peace. The British pulled up Indian civilization- brought peace, introduced western style education, modern thought, modern science, and modern lifestyles. (Document 4).
It had a banking system; People were able to get back loans easily which encouraged people to invest in new machinery, railroads, and factories. Businesses were well protected by Parliament laws. Great Britain built a strong navy to protect its empire and overseas trade. There was no internal trade barrier, which encouraged internal British trade and circulation of good, thus strengthens Britain’s domestic economy. The demands for goods increased as farmers started to move from rural farms to urban cities.
Since David Cameron took over the leadership of the Conservative Party in 2005, he carried out a number of reform policies to “modernise” the Conservative Party. Most of his social policies are generally described as an idea of “big society”. Cameron proposed that the Government should allow communities to take more control of services within their own areas, which in other words, more power should be dispersed to local government, authorities and the people. In the meantime, the Liberal Democrats under the leadership of Nick Clegg tends to adopt policies of Liberal and Socialist values. However, what we can see in the coalition agreement made in 2010 is that they agreed to promote a fair and responsible government which closely related to David Cameron’s “Big Society” ideology.
Pros and Cons of An Aeging Population An ageing population can be useful to society in some areas of development but at the same time it is argued that it can also cause a considerable amount of strain to the working class and hinder government expenditure. For instance, in Britain the increase in of people over 60 is estimated to rise by 40% in the next 30 years and 13 million people are estimated to be over 65 in 2030, which in effect will be putting more strain on the government as this is when pensions are received. Moreover in 1951 there were only 300 people in Britain aged over 100 and by 2031 it’s expected this figure will be at 36,000 proving that due to an improvement in health care people are living for longer. At the same time, fertility is set to fall as women leave childbirth later and later because of their careers, meaning in the foreseeable future there will be fewer young people supporting a growing elderly population As the population ages, the ratio of non-workers to workers increases, assuming that retirement ages do not change sufficiently to offset the rise in life expectancy. In 2004, there were approximately 4 working age individuals (aged 20-64) for every 1 person aged 65 and over.
Before we can explore causes, we first need to define what we mean by The Great Depression The Great Depression was a global economic crisis that may have been triggered by political decisions (war reparations post-World War I), protectionism (Congressional tariffs on European goods) or by speculation .Worldwide, there was increased unemployment, decreased government revenue, a drop in international trade. Its kickoff in the U.S. economy was “Black Thursday," October 24, 1929. That's when 12.9 million shares of stock were sold in one day. It was triple the usual amount. At the height of the Great Depression in 1933, more than a quarter of the US labor force was unemployed.