Mcdonald's Turning Point

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<BR>How convincing is the argument that the year 1822 marked a turning point in the way Lord Liverpool’s government approached its domestic policy ? <br> <br> On the face of it , the year 1822 did mark a significant turning point in the way Lord Liverpool’s administration dealt with its domestic policy . The importance of the cabinet reshuffle after the imminent death of Lord Castlereagh in 1822 , and the perceived move toward‘ Liberal Toryism’ following this date has been well documented by a number of early historians , including W.R Brock and Spencer Walpole. ‘ With the changes of 1821-3 Liverpool was able to gather round him a group of liberal minded men ready to take whatever opportunities were offered for economic…show more content…
What followed throughout the 1820’s was a series liberal minded reforms led by Robinson , Huskinson and Peel , which did seem to change the nature of government .These men have generally been accredited with setting Britain on the road to free trade and Peel as home secretary successfully rationalised the legal system and legalised trade unions .However more recent Historians such as Eric Evans ,Cookson and Gash have persuasively argued that the ‘Liberal Tory’ phase of the Lord Liverpool administration was a natural response to the improved economic circumstance brought about by a more prosperous and confident Britain .Reforms introduced during this period were not new ideas instigated by a more liberal minded party , but those which many Tories had supported since the Pitt administration of the 1780’s .An economic revival simply meant that these ideas could be followed through without the threat of instability .As Historian Gash states, ‘The 1820’s economic recovery gave scope for a policy less driven by fear of revolution ’.In fact many progressive ministers had already served in the administration before 1822 , Robinson had been in government since 1809 and had these fixed views and beliefs prior to the cabinet reshuffle , as did many of his so called reactionary peers .As Eric Evans…show more content…
Liverpool’s use of Free Trade is also very noticeable during the 1820’s . Both the 1824 and 1825 budgets saw import revenues being dramatically cut , silk import duty by 30 per cent , manufactured goods duty reduced from 50 to 20 per cent and raw material import duties cut by half .Between 1821 and 1827 import revenue increased by a total 64 per cent due to the extra trade created . The apparent lack of Free Trade measures after 1792 until the early 1820’s can be explained by a huge budget deficit created by the Napoleonic wars . It wasn’t until the 1820’s when the war had ended and the deficit repaid that Britain could resume its status as a free trading nation .The new found prosperity Britain was enjoying gave way to a more stable economy and a government which could bring in the Free Trade measures with out the threat of debt or public unrest . ‘increasing social stability by means of increased prosperity brought about by the freeing of trade ’.Liverpool’s government was always in favour of a Free Trading Britain as Pitt’s administration had been before him . The importance of economic circumstance to the introduction of Free Trade is demonstrated by two statements taken from Tory
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