Mayan Society Essay

2239 WordsMay 1, 20129 Pages
The Maya civilization is a historical Mesoamerican civilization, which extended throughout the northern Central American region which includes the present-day nations of Guatemala, Belize, western Honduras and El Salvador, as well as the southern Mexico. The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization, which was a pre-Colombian society. The Mesoamerican civilizations had very advanced characteristics of their cultures. The Maya, being one of the great civilizations had very complex and advance cultural characteristics of their time including, art, science, mathematics, language and architecture. The Maya was considered one of the most advance cultures of their time due to these great characteristics that they posses. (New World Encyclopedia. Web. 03 Dec. 2009) Archeology finding show that the Maya began its civilization around 1000 BC. There has been debate over this, due to the fact of the land of the Maya being destroyed. One of the fascinating characteristics of the Maya civilization was their architect (1). The Maya were noted for their elaborate and highly decorated ceremonial architecture, including temple-pyramids, palaces and observatories, all built without metal tools. This shows their intelligence and complexity. Of these the pyramids were very notable, according to archaeological evidence; it has been shown that the ancient Mayans began building their characteristic ceremonial structures, known as Mayan Pyramids or Pyramid-Temples, about 3,000 years back. Mayan pyramids, in fact, were built in a wide variety of forms to serve a wide variety of functions, apart from religious ones, according to the customs of each region as well as period. (New World Encyclopedia. Web. 03 Dec. 2009) They also built temples; the temples were impressive and decorated structures themselves. They were used mainly for religious and ritual reasons. The priests would

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