One area was in the part of Middle America that today makes up the southern half of Mexico and northern Central America. The other area covered most of the Andes Mountains on the west coast of South America. Find the two areas on the map. <br> The Maya - The Maya once ruled the lands
Jesus Dominguez Ann Merville Anthropology 20 9 November 2013 Teotihuacan Teotihuacan, located in the highlands of central Mexico, is one of the world's most impressive archaeological sites. Between 100,000 and 200,000 people lived there at its peak around 600 A.D., making it one of the ancient world's largest cities with an urban core covering some twenty square kilometers. Settlement began about 200 B.C. and the basic layout of the city was complete by the mid-second century A.D. Most of the major construction was accomplished within the next hundred years.
(Document 2) The cultivation of plants also showed the ingenuity of the Aztecs. As described by Cortes, they built artificial floating gardens that allowed for more crop growth and easy irrigation. (Document 7) Among the crops planted was Maize or simply corn. The importance of this crop to the Aztecs was obvious as images exist of its planting dating back to as far as 8000 BCE. (Document 9) Seemingly the backbone of the Meso-american diet, corn was kept under strict watch, along with other numerous crops.
With using the criteria`s of: scale, genius, effort, and significance; we will see what they were. The Maya`s remarkable achievements were: trade networks, calendars, and the number system; However their most remarkable achievement was building cities. Three good examples of the remarkable achievement by the ancient Maya were trade networks, number system, and the calendar. The trade network reached across Mesoamerica from southern Mexico to Honduras (Doc A). The Mayan`s carried many products on these routes including cocoa, basalt
It also shows the paintings, sculptures, inscriptions, plans, physical expression, religion, and power during that time. Although the Great Mayan cities were abandoned, the Mayans continued to develop in North Yucatan, east coast of the peninsula, and the Guatemala high lands. There are multiple theories as to why the Maya abandoned some of their greatest cities. The sudden and mysterious collapse may have been from a blend of many factors including, possible population growth, pressure of resources, over exploitation of the land, or even foreign invasions. Foreign invasion of the Spanish conquistadors began in 1441.
The characteristics of such phenomenon were observed by many as to “feminize the labor force, lower real wages and to introduce a non-union orientation” By July 1994, after 6 months of the implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement, the maquiladora industry in Mexico has become the main source of foreign investment for its government, far surpassed the foreign currency that was brought into the country by tourism and petroleum combined. It was the one that generated all the hype and buzz. As Kopinak puts it, maquiladora industry has become “the engine of industrialization throughout Mexico.” Presently, there are current challenges in the maquiladora industry. The 2001, U.S. recession took a heavy toll on the industry. From October 2000 to June 2002, the industry lost more than 240,000 jobs; plants in border-states accounted for about 76% of these losses.
J. H. Breasted called this area the Fertile Crescent because of its crescent-shape and the fertility of the land. Figure [ 2 ] The region was defined as the cradle of civilization as this is where we see proof of some of the earliest human civilizations. These civilizations began and flourished using the plentiful water supply and agricultural resources that were available in this region. In the Fertile Crescent area they have found many sites with skeletal and cultural remains. However, the area is most famous for its sites related to the origins of agriculture.
They lived in relative peace from around 1000 - 1100 AD when Mayap n overthrew the confederation and ruled for over 200 years. In 1441 the Maya who had previously ruled Uxmal destroyed the city of Mayap n and founded a new city at Mani. Wars were fought between rival Mayan groups over the territory until the region was conquered by the Spanish. Chichen Itza was first populated between 500 and 900 AD by Mayans and for some reason abandoned around 900, the city was then resettled 100 years later and subsequently invaded by Toltecs from the North. There are numerous reliefs of both Mayan gods including Chac and the Toltec gods including Quetzacoatl.