Matrix Analysis

1451 WordsJan 13, 20156 Pages
1. Descartes poses the question of how he can know with certainty that the world he experiences is not an illusion being forced upon him by an evil genius. He reasons since he believes in what he sees and feels while dreaming he cannot trust his senses to tell him that he is not still dreaming. His senses cannot provide him with proof that the world even exists. He concludes that he cannot rely on his senses, and that for all he knows, he and the rest of the world might all be under the control of an evil genius. Descartes’ evil genius is realized in the Matrix as the artificial intelligence that forces a virtual reality on humans. Just as Descartes realized that the sensations in his dreams were vivid enough to convince him the dreams were real, the humans who are plugged into the Matrix have no idea that their sensations are false, created artificially instead of arising from actual experiences. Until Neo is yanked from the Matrix, he, too, has no idea that his life is a virtual reality. Descartes was certain that one could not be fooled about one’s own existence, hence his famous idea: “I think, therefore I am”. The movie relates to this theory because the only thing Neo should not doubt is his own existence. This is because the act of thinking about, and doubting the reality of his perceptions was confirming his existence. With deductive reasoning doubting everything means there must be doubting and if there is doubting, a doubter must exist. If Neo doubts, it explains that he exists. 2. Cypher is using the theory of common-sense realism. This is because Cypher is perceiving and experiencing an object (steak) in the world exactly as it is. What his senses (sight and taste) detect, what is grasped mentally, and the object being perceived in this case are one and the same just as the theory states should occur. Common sense realism fails to account
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