Match Each Organelle To Its Function

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Genetics Pd. 4 HW Read Chap. 2 pgs. 21-45 p.44 Review Questions #1-10 1) Match each organelle to its function: A. 4 – Dismantles debris B. 6 – Protein synthesis C. 2 – Houses DNA D. 1 – Lipid synthesis E. 7 – Processes secretions F. 3 – Energy extraction G. 5 – Detoxification 2) Explain the functions of the following proteins: A. Tubulin and Actin – Tubulin forms microtubules, while actin forms microfilaments. B. Caspases – Caspases are responsible for apoptosis. C. Cyclins and kinases – The interaction of cyclins and kinases trigger mitosis from the inside. D. Checkpoint proteins – Checkpoint proteins are responsible for regulating the cell cycle. E. Cellular adhesion molecules – Cellular adhesion molecules allow certain types of molecules to stick together. 3) List four types of controls on cell cycle rate. Answer: (1) Cyclins…show more content…
Answer: Intermediate filaments are similar to microtubules and microfilaments in which they all have a similar shape, and function, and all three are what make up the cytoskeleton. However they are different in which they each consist of different proteins. 8) What advantage does compartmentalization provide to a large and complex cell? Answer: Compartmentalization separates biochemical that can harm certain cells. Compartmentalization also organizes the cell so it can function more efficiently. 9) What role does the plasma membrane play in signal transduction? Answer: The plasma membrane holds many of the molecules that intercept incoming signals. As a response many of these molecules, amplify and spread the signals. 10) Explain how stem cells obtained from IVF leftovers and somatic cell nuclear transfer differ in terms of their genomes. Answer: The genome of a stem cell is derived from an IVF embryo. The genome of a stem cell obtained by SCNT is that of the nucleus donor, which a patient is

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