Master Essay

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LITERATURE REVIEW 2-1. INTRODUCTION In today's world there is probability that our environment is fast-paced (at least more so than it has previously been) and such stress is an ever-present opportunity just waiting around the corner. No matter to which occupation we belong to, the advancement in new technology has resulted in a hectic situation. (Jeff foster, 2010) Nowadays with the fast moving life, the competition has also increased. Everyone is trying to fight and lead the competition. There is a situation of panic all around due to such a rapid moving economy. This panic has caused stress. The term stress means different things to different people (Robins Stephens 1991) defined stress as vigorous state in which a person is confronted with an opportunity, demand, or resource related to what the individual wishes and for which the outcome is perceived to be both vague and vital. (Ghosh 1991) define stress as all-pervading modern phenomenon that takes a heavy tool of human life. According to the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary 6th Edition, stress could among other things, refer to pressure, tension or worries arising from problematic situations in an individual’s life. Where the incidence of such stress is traceable to a job or work situation, it is known as job stress (Narayanan et al 1999). As Narayanan et al (1999) further observe job stress could in fact be identified with almost any aspect of a job or work situation such as extremes of heat, noise and light, or too much or too little responsibility etc. According to Irene (2005) job stress “… is a pattern of reactions that occurs when workers are presented with work demands that are not matched to their knowledge, skills or abilities, and which challenge their ability to cope”. It is evident from this Irene’s definition that job stress is mostly associated with under-employment. Most research

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